By Timothy Brook
Opium is greater than only a drug extracted from poppies. over the last centuries it's been a palliative drugs, an addictive substance, a strong mechanism for concentrating and moving wealth and tool among countries, and the anchor for a now vanished sociocultural global in and round China. Opium Regimes integrates the pioneering learn of 16 students to teach that the opium alternate was once now not merely a British operation yet concerned chinese language retailers, chinese language nation brokers, and jap imperialists to boot. The booklet offers a coherent old arc that strikes from British imperialism within the 19th century, to chinese language capital formation and country making on the flip of the century, to jap imperialism in the course of the Thirties and Nineteen Forties, and eventually to the plain answer of China's opium challenge within the early Fifties. jointly those essays exhibit that the advanced interweaving of commodity buying and selling, dependancy, and country intervention in opium's heritage refigured the ancient face of East Asia extra profoundly than the other commodity.
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Additional info for Opium Regimes: China, Britain, and Japan, 1839-1952
19–28. 25. Aspects of Japanese drug trafﬁcking in China are sketched in Meyer and Parssinen, Webs of Smoke, pp. 89–100, 185–229. 26. Asahi shinbun, 8 July 1993. 27. In From Emperor to Citizen, p. 384, Aisin-Gioro Pu Yi quotes the ﬁgure from Furumi Tadayuki; he gives no dates for the period covered. 28. Asahi shinbun, 5 April 1998; Sekai 649 (June 1998): 170–71. 29. ’’ 30. Much of the information that follows, but not the periodization, is from Eguchi, Nit-Chu¯ ahen senso¯. 31. Walker, Opium and Foreign Policy, p.
This excerpt from the diary of Takezoe Shin’ichiro¯ (1842–1917) is quoted in Keene, Modern Japanese Diaries, p. 141. Oka Senjin (1832–1913), in his travelogue of China in 1884–1885, registers the same shock and dismay that caused many Japanese to abandon the sinophilia with which they were culturally prepared to regard China; see Fogel, Literature of Travel in the Japanese Rediscovery of China, pp. 75–77. 14. Hao, Commercial Revolution in Nineteenth-Century China, pp. 68–69. ’’ 15. ’’ 16. Wang Jinxiang, Zhongguo jindu jianshi, pp.
All of these actions entailed costs, and some yielded beneﬁts. Costs and beneﬁts affected victims and victimizers differently. Our intention is less to repeat the narrative of British, or even Japanese, victimization of China than to explore more fully how costs and beneﬁts arose and played out in political contexts. The book is organized in four parts. Part 1, ‘‘The International Context,’’ introduces the nineteenth-century foundations of the opium trade. Gregory Blue tracks the economic and political considerations involved in creating the British opium regime in Asia.