By D. McIntyre, S. Wayling
This booklet presents an summary of overall healthiness economics tasks in sub-Saharan Africa and descriptions a method for selling extra overall healthiness economics means within the sector. it's the results of a procedure initiated through the precise Programme for learn and coaching in Tropical ailments (TDR) means construction programme of labor, together with a Consultative Workshop in 2006, and accomplished with aid from the Swedish overseas improvement Cooperation employer (SIDA). The file used to be drafted as a paper offering heritage info and concepts on healthiness economics capability in the sub-Saharan African (SSA) quarter to stimulate dialogue on the consultative workshop held in April 2006 to think about methods of marketing health-economics skill in the zone. ahead of e-book, it used to be circulated greatly between overall healthiness economists operating in Africa - their inputs make sure that it displays the widest attainable variety of perspectives.
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Additional info for Strengthening Health-Economics Capability in Africa: Summary and Outcomes of a Regional Consultation of Experts and Policy-makers
At the end of this module, students should also have an understanding of the importance of modelling in economic evaluation. 36 The module enables students to develop skills by combining taught sessions with practical case studies of the application of economic evaluation to developing-country interventions. g. annuitization, discounting, sensitivity analysis) are explored critically. Topics include: • welfare economics and economic evaluation; • economic framework for economic-evaluation techniques; • critical review of economic-evaluation techniques; • costing in economic evaluation; • discounting and annuitization; • outcome measurement and valuation; • valuing health-care benefits in monetary terms; • cost-effectiveness, cost-utility and cost-benefit analyses; • ethical issues in economic evaluation; • uncertainty in economic evaluation; • modelling in economic evaluation; • pharmacoeconomics.
Increase output from the current health-economics Masters programmes. Current primary constraint is insufficient bursaries. , Provide support for more institutions to initiate 8 , Support the development of a health-economics PhD programme at one or more African academic institutions. g. through auditing Masters’ modules) and opportunities to assess a candidate’s ability to undertake PhD-level research. Supervisory skills could be developed more widely within the region by encouraging co-supervision by a health economist in the candidate’s country of origin and/or a regional health economist with specialist expertise in a particular aspect of health economics related to the PhD research.
Acceptable salaries – there are limited opportunities for securing higher core salaries but pressure could be applied within the context of , Strong countrywide networks of health econo- mists – to provide a community for returning graduates. Increased collaboration between institutions within individual countries would provide a greater critical mass for mutual support. STR E N G TH E N I N G H E ALTH - E C O N O M I C S C APAB I L I TY I N AF R IC A 25 7 , Involvement of regional networks such as HEPNet and/or an African health economics association – could be important in building a professional community which will also contribute to retention of health economists within Africa.