By Bárbara A. Willaarts, Alberto Garrido, M. Ramón Llamas
This quantity offers an analytical and facts-based assessment at the development accomplished in water protection in Latin the USA and the Caribbean (LAC) area over over the past decade, and its hyperlinks to local improvement, foodstuff protection and human healthiness. even supposing the ebook takes a nearby procedure, protecting an unlimited of information touching on lots of the LAC area, a few chapters specialise in seven nations (Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Mexico and Peru).
A complete figuring out of LAC’s tendencies development calls for framing this quarter within the worldwide context: an ever extra globalized international the place LAC has an expanding geopolitical strength and a growing to be presence in overseas nutrition markets. The book’s particular targets are: (1) exploring the advancements and hyperlinks among water and foodstuff defense in LAC international locations; (2) assessing the function of the socio-economic ‘megatrends’ in LAC, choosing suggestions approaches among the region’s saw development of alterations relating to key biophysical, financial and social variables associated with water and nutrients protection; and (3) reviewing the serious adjustments which are happening within the institutional and governance water spheres, together with the function of civil society, that can signify a promising skill to advancing in the direction of the aim of enhancing water safeguard in LAC.
The ensuing photograph exhibits a area the place contemporary socioeconomic improvement has ended in vital advances within the domain names of nutrients and water protection. financial progress in LAC and its more and more vital function in foreign alternate are severe by way of use of typical assets reminiscent of land, water and effort. This poses new and critical demanding situations for sustainable improvement. The reinforcement of nationwide and worldwide governance schemes and their alignment at the development of human healthiness is and may stay an inescapable prerequisite to the fulfillment of long-lasting safeguard. aiding this daring concept with proof and science-based conclusions is the last word target of the book.
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Extra resources for Water for Food Security and Well-being in Latin America and the Caribbean: Social and Environmental Implications for a Globalized Economy
8 million in 2011 (WHO-UNICEF, 2013). 8 million by 201 1 (WHOUNICEF, 2013). These figures mask important differences across countries, between urban and rural areas, as well as within urban areas. Overall, and particularly across the poorest countries, water service deficiencies in rural areas are still very significant. The vulnerability of countries to growing water hazards stands as another important priority when attempting to increase regional water and food security. The frequency of extreme hydro-meteorological events such as floods has quadrupled between 2000 and 2009, compared to the period of 1970-1979 (EM-DAT,20 13).
In press. , Espert, V. & Soriano J (2013). Assessing the full economic impact of domestic water tanks. International Conference on Asset Management for Enhancing Energy Efficiency in Water and Wastewater Systems. , Rinaldo, A & Rodriguez-Iturbe, I. (2012) Evolution of the global virtual water trade network. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 109 (16): 5989-5994. Dingemans, A & Ross, C. (2012). CEPAL Review, 108: 27-48. ECLAC (2013). Economic Comission for Latin America and the Caribbean.
This region is home to some of the world's most important rivers, including the Amazon, Parana, Orinoco, and Magdalena, as well as some of the largest lakes. Take for instance the Titicaca Lake in Bolivia and Peru, the Nicaragua Lake, and Lake Chapala in Mexico. 2). This includes the Guarani aquifers which are shared by Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay. Groundwater also represents a strong environmental element, discharging an estimated 3,700km 3/year into Latin America's rivers. From an economic viewpoint, groundwater storage is particularly important because it remains relatively stable over time and is comparatively better protected from domestic, agricultural and industrial pollution sources (Rebou~as, 1999).