By Wim Zonneveld
The structure of the human language school has been one of many major foci of the linguistic study of the final part century. This department of linguistics, greatly often called Generative Grammar, is anxious with the formula of explanatory formal bills of linguistic phenomena with the ulterior aim of gaining perception into the homes of the 'language organ'. The sequence contains prime quality monographs and picked up volumes that deal with such matters. the subjects during this sequence variety from phonology to semantics, from syntax to info constitution, from mathematical linguistics to reports of the lexicon.
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Extra info for A Formal Theory of Exceptions in Generative Phonology
In fact, by doing so we - 42 - transform the problem of specifying the lower branch of (45) to the problem of separating 'true* diphthongs and B-vowels on the one hand, from Α-vowels on the other. This result is of some interest in itself, since the opposition between these two sets of vocalic nuclei reoccurs time and again in the phonology of Dutch. This has been noted frequently in the literature (for surveys cf. 1 e »jingle 1 (some interesting sets of exceptions will be discussed in Chapter 3 below); - 43 (v) Only Α-vowels occur before b, B-vowels and diphthongs do not (Van Ginneken, 1934a: 13; the constraint is much tighter for stem-final than for morpheme-internal b; on some loanwords as exceptions, see below); (vi) In verbal ablaut, diphthongs alternate with B-vowels, not with A-vowels (Kruisinga, 1949: 31-6) (cf.
They are short before obstruents, although comparatively long before voiced ones (Slis and Cohen, 1969). I will not cast these regularities into formal rules here, since an explicit account of vowei length and quality in Dutch is well beyond my purpose. Yet, a full phonology of Dutch will have to describe these phenomena. In this respect it may be useful to point out that within the present framework phonological shortenings will be represented by deletions of the schematic form (53) [-cons] => 0 / X [-cons] Υ where X and Υ will be phonological environments (possibly zero).
This is shown in (19), where (a) gives some alternations of the type exemplified in (18), and where (b) provides words consisting of diphthongal stem plus ending, homophonous to the d-less counterparts of the (a)-column. · •to chew· Oije] [lAyjar] [yauwe] [kauws] (where ou and au are spelling variants of the same diphthong). Thus, any rule necessary to account for the homorganic glides in (19b) will be able to account for the glides in the corresponding forms of (19a). Therefore, what seems to happen in the alternations displayed thus far in ( 2 ) , (3), and (16) is that (i) d is replaced with j__ after vowels; and (ii) d is deleted after diphthongs.