By Alex M. Andrew (auth.), C. A. Muses Ph.D., Conference Chairman W. S. McCulloch M.D. (eds.)
Read Online or Download Aspects of the Theory of Artificial Intelligence: The Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Biosimulation Locarno, June 29 – July 5, 1960 PDF
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Additional info for Aspects of the Theory of Artificial Intelligence: The Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Biosimulation Locarno, June 29 – July 5, 1960
It would be desirable to await confirmation ofsome of the basic facts before extrapolating too far. By looking on the model and its environment as a whole, wesee how, by exploratory interaction, a functional organization can be built up which is in a way a replica of those features of the outside world which have played a part in its formation. The model may be regarded as a self-aligning or adaptive filter both in the dynamic and the static sense. Recognition, familiarity, and surprise find a direct parallel in the degree of excitation or inhibition required to maintain stability, and the progressive modification of the medium is direct1y related to the information received.
Hence, this simple scheme may be termed also a one-dimensional "N-seer" because it will extract N, the number of disconnected one-dimensional objects, o o o o Fig. 3. Net of parallel channels computing an "edge B in a discontinuous stimulus distribution and computing the second derivative in a continuous distribution. " Already these few remarks suggest some generalities. First, we may note that, owing to particular connections of elements in layer LI with elements in layer L 2' particular properties of the stimulus pattern of layer LI are detected.
Another possibility is that one mass may be largely concerned with motor outputs, and another with control (see Fig. 3). The latter would "play the tunes" on the former. Then again, asecond cell mass might be so arranged as to take as its input the activity in the output region of the original mass and would thus be able to take account of more abstract parameters in the environment (Fig. 4). The possibilities are endless, but one comes to a point where it is no longer fruitful to postulate more and more complex mechanisms without further reference to the biologicalsystem one is trying tosimulate.