By Alison Jill, Dr King
Universally household staff were a marginalized area of the group, more and more feminized and whose operating lives frequently mirror abuse, degradation and exploitation. Set in the context of post-apartheid South Africa, the writer examines the lives of girls in household carrier to find no matter if the dismantling of apartheid has ameliorated the terrible pay and prerequisites of this marginalized group. the discharge of Nelson Mandela from Robben Island 1990 marked a momentous occasion in South Africa's turbulent heritage and the start of the transition from oppression to a loose and democratic society. Ten years at the writer felt there has been a necessity to find if the hopes and aspirations of such a lot of liberated Africans have been now being learned in concrete reviews. She selected household carrier inside South Africa as an efficient capability to respond to those questions. Following on from Jacklyn Cock's seminal paintings "Maids and Madams", the writer attracts on examine performed within the japanese Cape and locations those staff within the wider societal context so one can study their 'quality of lifestyles' as well as their 'quality of work'.
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Additional resources for Domestic Service in Post-apartheid South Africa: Deference and Disdain
Indeed the great strength of Cock’s Maids and Madams was that it explicitly demonstrated in an empirical setting that women were active agents in the oppression of other women. The points I raised in the opening sections of this chapter in respect of racism, such as affirmation and construction of difference, legacies of slavery and colonialism and justification of oppressive acts through removal of status of the victim are pertinent in understanding why white women act the way they do to women of colour.
It is not only the physical body that feminists examine in the labour process, but also the notion of ‘emotional labour’ as a commodity to be bought and sold in the market place. 7, see also 2002) is a major proponent of this conception and defines ‘emotional labour’ as follows; ‘ […] the management of feeling to create a publicly observable facial and bodily display: emotional labour is sold for a wage, and therefore has exchange value’. Her subjects for the exploration of this conception were flight attendants in the American Airline Industry.
Moving the argument from slavery to domestic service, Anderson’s study supports the point. Many of the employers she interviewed often referred to their domestic servants as ‘substitutes’. ‘The domestic worker is a double, the other self one leaves at home […] (Anderson, 2000, p15). There is yet a further point to consider. The models imply that the relationship of the master to the slave was realised exclusively through the intermediary mistress. This clearly is not so, there is a direct relationship with the slave which is intensified by the fact that she was simultaneously ‘other’ to the master because of her gender and her race.