By A. Terrence Conlisk
This booklet introduces scholars to the elemental actual rules to research fluid move in micro and nano-size units. this is often the 1st e-book that unifies the thermal sciences with electrostatics and electrokinetics and colloid technological know-how; electrochemistry; and molecular biology. the writer discusses key techniques and rules, comparable to the necessities of viscous flows, an advent to electrochemistry, warmth and mass move phenomena, parts of molecular and cellphone biology, and lots more and plenty extra. This textbook offers cutting-edge analytical and computational ways to difficulties in all of those components, in particular electrokinetic flows, and offers examples of using those disciplines to layout units used for quick molecular research, biochemical sensing, drug supply, DNA research, the layout of a synthetic kidney, and different shipping phenomena. This textbook contains workout difficulties, smooth examples of the purposes of those sciences, and a recommendations handbook on hand to certified teachers.
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Extra resources for Essentials of Micro- and Nanofluidics: With Applications to the Biological and Chemical Sciences
22 Introduction and Overview Today, more than 50 years later, rapid advances are being made in determining the structure and function of single proteins and other biomolecules. Such studies have application in many areas, including rapid molecular analysis, gene therapy, biochemical sensing, and drug delivery. These applications require the development of engineering tools to design entire systems, often specifically for the study of single biological macromolecules. Since the nanoscale is the scale of biology, nanotechnology is being used to create a new field called molecular medicine (Roco, 2005).
In recent years, manufacturing techniques have been developed and used to build entire micromachines, including thermal actuators, microvalves, micro- and nanopumps, gears, cantilevers, and other microdevices (Gad-el Hak, 2001). These devices have been used for biomedical applications such as drug delivery, chemical and biochemical sensors, micromixers and microseparators, rapid molecular analyzers, development of an artificial kidney, and DNA analysis and transport, to name only a few applications.
The present definition is to avoid a 2 floating around in other equations involving the Debye length. It must be said, however, that the classical chemistry definition works only for monovalent species for which the concentrations are equal. For multivalent ions, the classical definition is extremely confusing. Where absolutely necessary, however, the classical definition will be used. Internal flows in cylindrical or rectangular channels are the most common form of transport in micro- and nanofluidics.