By Keith Aspley
Surrealism was once a extensive circulation, which attracted many adherents. It was once geared up and fairly strictly disciplined, at the least till the loss of life of its chief, André Breton, in 1966. for this reason, its club was once in a continuing nation of flux: folks have been always being admitted and excluded, and sometimes the latter persisted to treat themselves as Surrealists. The wide-ranging nature of the Surrealist circulation was once unfold over many nations and lots of assorted artwork types, together with portray, sculpture, cinema, images, track, theater, and literature, such a lot particularly poetry.
The Historical Dictionary of Surrealism relates the historical past of this stream via a chronology, an introductory essay, a bibliography, and over six hundred cross-referenced dictionary entries on individuals, circles, and teams who participated within the circulate; a world access on the various journals and studies they produced; and a sampling of significant artworks, cinema, and literature
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Extra resources for Historical Dictionary of Surrealism
In the United States Anna Balakian brought out Literary Origins of Surrealism: A New Mysticism in French Poetry in 1947 when she was an assistant professor of French at Syracuse University, and followed this with The Post-Surrealism of Aragon and Éluard (1948), Surrealism: The Road to the Absolute (1959), and André Breton: Magus of Surrealism (1971). indd 18 8/23/10 6:18 AM INTRODUCTION • 19 time he was a research assistant at the Centre National de Recherche Scientifique (CNRS). The middle of the 1960s was indeed a turning point in the history of Surrealism as far as the public was concerned.
Pierre Naville, “Beaux–arts,” La Révolution surréaliste, no. 3, 27. 9. In La Révolution surréaliste, no. 4, 26. 10. , 29. 11. André Breton, Le Surréalisme et la Peinture, 1945, 149–54. 12. , 94. 13. In C. Bussy, Anthologie du surréalisme en Belgique, 13. 14. La Révolution surréaliste, no. 5, 31–32. 15. La Révolution surréaliste, no. 12, 72–74. 16. See G. Durozoi, Histoire du mouvement surréaliste, 632. 17. See Entretiens, 15. 18. F. Alquié, Philosophie du surréalisme, 9. 19. P. Soupault, Mémoires de l’Oubli 1923–1926, 96.
La Révolution surréaliste, no. 12, 72–74. 16. See G. Durozoi, Histoire du mouvement surréaliste, 632. 17. See Entretiens, 15. 18. F. Alquié, Philosophie du surréalisme, 9. 19. P. Soupault, Mémoires de l’Oubli 1923–1926, 96. 20. In his 1932 study of the interrelationship of dream and reality, Les Vases communicants (31), Breton was of the opinion that Sigmund Freud’s method of dream interpretation was his most original discovery and in the following pages he put it to the test as he sought to make sense of two of his own dreams.