By D. Bartram
Stories of overseas labour migration more often than not suppose that international labour is a common function of rich economies. even if, a few filthy rich societies don't import staff on a wide scale, regardless of employers' pressures. utilizing Israel and Japan as empirical circumstances, this comparative-historical paintings investigates why a few governments let employers really unfastened entry to international labour, whereas others require replacement responses to labour shortages.
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Additional resources for International Labor Migration: Foreign Workers and Public Policy
This type of analysis focuses on the political struggles that are played out in diverse institutional contexts. Rather than invoking large-scale economic changes, the strength of a particular class, or ideological shifts as isolated variables, institutionalists analyze how such variables are mediated in their effects by institutions, which then leave their own imprint on policy outcomes. Institutions both enable and constrain behavior and policy and are usually not neutral in their effects: they typically introduce a bias into the policymaking process, so that some types of policies are likely to prevail over others.
The point holds, somewhat less forcefully, concerning certain respects in which the countries do not differ. According to dual labor market theory, a large secondary economic sector is fertile territory for the assimilation of a foreign labor force. But both Israel and Japan are characterized by a high level of economic dualism. According to world-systems theory, strong investment, trade, military, and colonial ties typically lead to labor migration. But Israel and Japan both have such ties with many countries.
The main claim here, then, is that foreign workers, as understood in much of the research and popular literatures, are international migrants (and perhaps their offspring born in receiving countries that do not adhere to jus solis citizenship traditions) whose presence increases the supply of low-wage labor in the host country, under conditions of restricted political or civil rights that impair their ability to compete in the labor market. It is a truism in this context that foreign workers are viewed solely as workers and not as people.