By Harriet A. Washington
From the period of slavery to the current day, the 1st complete background of black America's stunning mistreatment as unwilling and unwitting experimental topics by the hands of the clinical establishment.Medical Apartheid is the 1st and in basic terms finished background of clinical experimentation on African americans. beginning with the earliest encounters among black americans and Western clinical researchers and the racist pseudoscience that resulted, it info the methods either slaves and freedmen have been utilized in hospitals for experiments carried out with out their knowledge'a culture that keeps at the present time inside of a few black populations. It finds how blacks have traditionally been prey to grave-robbing in addition to unauthorized autopsies and dissections. entering into the 20th century, it exhibits how the pseudoscience of eugenics and social Darwinism used to be used to justify experimental exploitation and shoddy scientific remedy of blacks, and the view that they have been biologically inferior, oversexed, and undeserving for grownup obligations. surprising new information about the government's infamous Tuskegee test are published, as are related, less-well-known clinical atrocities carried out through the govt, the militia, prisons, and personal institutions.The made from years of prodigious examine into clinical journals and experimental studies lengthy undisturbed, Medical Apartheid unearths the hidden underbelly of clinical study and makes attainable, for the 1st time, an realizing of the roots of the African American future health deficit. ultimately, it offers the fullest attainable context for comprehending the behavioral fallout that has triggered black american citizens to view researchers'and certainly the complete clinical establishment'with such deep mistrust. nobody inquisitive about problems with public wellbeing and fitness and racial justice can come up with the money for to not learn Medical Apartheid, a masterful booklet that would fire up either controversy and long-needed debate.
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Whenever data are scarce, the standard approach is to build models from other fields and insert expert opinion to supplement the data. Thus, some well-informed modeling can help us figure out what good security metrics ought to look like. Modeling relates quite naturally to measuring. In the information security world, most observers who speak about “security metrics” generally think about them from the point of view of modeling threats, risk (or perceived risk), and losses. A vocal minority cares less about the modeling aspects per se and would rather just measure things.
But scoping the same metric down to the level of a particular business unit’s e-commerce servers can help much more, because they can make specific decisions about security provisioning and staffing for these servers based on the data. 25 CHAPTER 2 DEFINING SECURITY METRICS WHAT MAKES A BAD METRIC? Now that I have explained what makes a good metric, we should spend some time discussing what makes a bad one. The obvious (and short) explanation is that a bad metric fails to exhibit any of the qualities mentioned previously.
It is not the only number warehouse operators watch, but it is one of the most important. Supply chain operators also tend to look at freight cost per mile, percentage of “empty” (non-revenue-generating) truck miles, putaway and pick times, and distribution of “A” / “B”/ “C” velocity SKUs, among others. 5 CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION: ESCAPING THE HAMSTER WHEEL OF PAIN Several themes emerge from the supply chain key indicators list. All of the indicators in the list: • • • • Incorporate measures of time or money.