By Gerald Steinacher
In Nazis at the Run, historian Gerald Steinacher offers the real tale of the way the Nazis escaped their destiny. Drawing on large examine in newly opened data, Steinacher not just unearths how Nazi warfare criminals escaped from justice on the finish of the second one international conflict, fleeing during the Tyrolean Alps to Italian seaports, yet he additionally highlights the main roles performed via the pink go, the Vatican, and the key companies of the main powers. The publication takes a troublesome examine the foreign Committee of the pink go, proving that identity papers issued through the purple move made it attainable for hundreds of thousands of Nazis, battle criminals, and collaborators-including Adolf Eichmann and Josef Mengale-to slip in the course of the fingers of justice and to discover shelter in North and South the US, Spain, and the close to East. Steinacher underscores the significance of the South Tyrol as a "ratline" from Germany to Italy and in addition finds that many leaders of the Catholic Church-sometimes knowingly, different instances unwittingly-were desirous about large-scale Nazi smuggling, usually pushed via the terror of an drawing close communist takeover of Italy. ultimately, the e-book files how the Counter Intelligence Corps (the predecessor to the CIA) recruited former SS males to suggest U.S. intelligence companies and smuggled them out of Soviet-occupied components of Austria and jap Europe into Italy and directly to South the US.
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Additional resources for Nazis on the Run: How Hitler's Henchmen Fled Justice
I should like to thank Johann Hörist, the Rector of Santa Maria dell’Anima, the German and Austrian national church in Rome, for his help and support in my study of the Anima’s archive. Over the years, conversations with colleagues and friends have been motivating and encouraging in various ways. Many ideas, suggestions, questions, and connections arose out of these encounters. At this point I should like to express particular thanks to Hans Heiss, Leopold Steurer, Stas Nikolova, Andrea Di Michele, Horst Schreiber, Renate Telser, and Christof Mauch.
The Special Case of Italy 3. ‘Recycled’ War Criminals 4. The Origins of the Italian Ratline 5. The Ratline Players 6. Escape along the Ratline 5. Destination Argentina 1. Argentinian Immigration Policy 2. The Recruitment of Specialists 3. Argentinian Diplomats and Agents in Italy 4. Perón’s Escape Agents in Italy 5. Austrian Pioneers in the Escape Network 6. The Escape of the Concentration Camp Commandants 7. A New Start in Argentina Conclusion Notes Bibliography Index of Names General Index List of Illustrations 1.
The organization apparently made a tactical decision not to protest, for fear that this would endanger its ability to carry on aid work in German-occupied Europe. Moral authority thus gave way to practical considerations. But how did the Committee actually react when Nazis and war criminals began using Red Cross services to elude Allied justice? A central element deals with deciphering ICRC discussions in Geneva over this dilemma. Historian Jean-Claude Favez and others have already shown the organization’s role during World War II, particularly its failure to denounce the systematic murder of the Jews up to 1945.