By Gustavo Corni, Tamás Stark
World battle II and the years following it witnessed the best demographic turmoil within the background of mankind. because of Nazi genocide, Germany's competitive territorial enlargement, and the vengeance of the occupied peoples after the German defeat, thousands of guys and girls have been compelled out in their homelands. significant and jap Europe have been such a lot heavily affected. This booklet takes a entire examine the complete of humanity displaced through WWII, from POWs to Jewish citizens.
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Extra resources for Peoples on the Move: Population Transfers and Ethnic Cleansing Policies during World War II and its Aftermath (Occupation in Europe)
27 The conquest of Poland at the start of the war opened the way to a new phase in Hitler’s policy towards ethnic Germans. In the decree that established the Commissioner for the Strengthening of the Germanic People (Reichskommissariat für die Festigung des deutschen Volkstums, RKFDV), dated 7 October 1939, Hitler wrote that the consequences of the Versailles Treaty had been obliterated. Now that the war had begun, it was possible to welcome back into the Reich those ‘Germans who had had to live far away until then’.
46 Answering this question is difficult. There is little doubt that both Soviet Russia and Nazi Germany regarded Poland and its territories in the context of wider projects for boosting their position as world powers. Did Stalin’s plans foresee the relocation of the Poles? The answer remains unclear. On the one hand, Stalin was much less a farsighted strategist than a clever tactician who skilfully exploited his current options. 47 The Kremlin had extensive experience in the targeted use of mass deportations, which had started with the forced transports of more than half a million families labelled as kulaks in 1929/30.
90 In his table talks the Führer also pointed out that ‘this question of the Germanization of certain peoples must not be examined in the light of abstract ideas and theory. 93 A report by an officer in the field, the RSHA leader in Breslau, stressed a further contradiction between the policy of selecting ‘good blood’ and that of ‘de-Polonization’. According to the officer, the Poles who could be selected belonged to the national elite; for this reason they were potentially dangerous. 95 Hence it was decided to estimate the percentage of potential ‘Germanness’ present in the different populations.