By Martin Sherman
Will the flames of warfare within the heart East be fanned or quenched by way of water? this can be the crucial query addressed by means of this surprisingly forthright booklet. For, even though it is usually under pressure that water could be a most likely point of interest of clash within the heart East, it's a long way much less often said that implementation of the proposed peace projects (the Oslo Accords and demands Israeli evacuation of the Golan) could necessarily go away virtually 70 consistent with cent of Israel's water offer less than overall Arab regulate. within the winning political milieu of the center East, any such scenario may not often augur a way forward for tranquil balance for Isreal or the sector.
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Additional resources for The Politics of Water in the Middle East: An Israeli Perspective on the Hydro-Political Aspects of the Conflict
As the policy implications of this agreement are discussed in some detail in Chapter 10, I will not here enter into a lengthy analysis of the justiﬁcation of the position presented in the infomercial, but rather conﬁne myself to some brief comments relating to criticisms of this seemingly uncompromising stance, deferring further elaboration to later chapters. The position adopted in the infomercial has been attacked not only by left-wing circles in Israel but also by ostensibly non-partisan 30 The Politics of Water in the Middle East academic analysis.
Since 80–90 per cent of the aquifer’s capacity is exploited by deep wells within Israel, this constitutes a serious threat to future Palestinian water requirements. In general, the Palestinians claim the priority of their rights to ‘Palestinian’ water, and demand full control over the Mountain Aquifer. Israel has legitimate riparian rights to the Mountain Aquifer, major portions of which ﬂow naturally into her pre-1967 territory. These rights are based on the principle of prior use going back over a period of six decades, during which much costly investment has been made in development of the present system.
2 As mentioned in the preceding chapter, the Mountain Aquifer extends physically into Judea and Samaria, straddling the so-called ‘Green Line’ which constituted the frontier between pre-67 Israel and the territory presently claimed for the establishment of a self-governing Palestinian entity. This territory which between 1948–67 was under Jordanian rule, also constitutes the major recharge area of the aquifer. 4 The implications, both political and hydrological, can scarcely be over-stated. 5 To comprehend the nature of this danger one might consider, as a schematically simplistic but instructive analogy, a vessel containing liquid, divided by an imaginary line.