By Roger A. Minear and Gary L. Amy (Eds.)
content material: Water disinfection and average natural topic : background and assessment / Roger A. Minear and Gary L. Amy --
Regulatory influence research of the disinfectants-disinfection by-products rule / Stuart W. Krasner, D.M. Owen, and J.E. Cromwell, III --
Empirical versions for chlorination by-products : 4 years of pilot adventure in southern Connecticut / John N. McClellan, David A. Reckhow, John E. Tobiason, James okay. Edzwald, and Alan F. Hess --
Aqueous chlorination kinetics and mechanism of substituted dihydroxybenzenes / Alicia C. Gonzalez, Terese M. Olson, and Laurence M. Rebenne --
a cost-effective experimental method of constructing disinfection derivative predictive types / R. Hofmann and R.C. Andrews --
The impression of operational variables at the formation of dissolved natural halogen in the course of chloramination / J.M. Symons, R. Xia, A.C. Diehl, G.E. Speitel, Jr., Cordelia J. Hwang, Stuart W. Krasner, and S.E. Barrett --
software of product reports within the elucidation of chloramine response pathways / Peter J. Vikesland, Richard L. Valentine, and Kenan Ozekin --
Modeling the decomposition of disinfecting residuals of chloramine / Kenan Ozekin, Richard L. Valentine, and Peter J. Vikesland --
A comparability of analytical recommendations for opting for cyanogen chloride in chloraminated consuming water / Michael J. Sclimenti, Cordelia J. Hwang, and Stuart W. Krasner --
Characterization of typical natural topic and its reactivity with chlorine / Gregory W. Harrington, Auguste Bruchet, Danielle Rybacki, and Philip C. Singer --
Use of pyrolysis gasoline chromatography-mass spectrometry to review the character and behaviour of average natural subject in water therapy / K.A. grey, A.H. Simpson, and K.S. McAuliffe --
Use of UV spectroscopy to check chlorination of typical natural topic / Gregory V. Korshin, Chi-Wang Li, and Mark M. Benjamin --
impression of ozonation and biotreatment on molecular measurement and hydrophilic fractions of traditional natural topic / Margarete T. Koechling, Hiba M. Shukairy, and R. Scott Summers --
common natural subject characterization and treatability by way of organic activated carbon filtration : Croton Reservoir case research / C.M. Klevens, M.R. Collins, R. Negm, M.F. Farrar, G.P. Fulton, and R. Mastronardi --
The aid of bromate by way of granular activated carbon in distilled and normal waters / Jennifer Miller, Vernon L. Snoeyink, and Joop Kruithof --
influence of bromide ion focus and molecular weight cutoff on haloacetonitrile, haloketone, and trihalomethane formation potentials / Steve H. through and Andrea M. Dietrich --
Interactions among bromine and common natural topic / Rengao music, Paul Westerhoff, Roger A. Minear, and Gary L. Amy --
Simplifying bromate formation kinetic research with a linear bromate yield idea / Paul Westerhoff, Gary L. Amy, Rengao tune, and Roger A. Minear --
Ion-chromatographic choice of 3 short-chain carboxylic acids in ozonated ingesting water / Ching-Yuan Kuo, Hsiao-Chiu Wang, Stuart W. Krasner, and Marshall ok. Davis --
Bromate ion removing by means of electric-arc discharge and high-energy electron beam methods / Mohamed S. Siddiqui, Gary L. Amy, and William J. Cooper.
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Extra info for Water Disinfection and Natural Organic Matter. Characterization and Control
Chlorination By-product Formation Models. These models predict concentrations of the DBP species as opposed to precursor concentrations. The important factors that influence the formation of these compounds are chlorine concentration, precursor concentration, contact time, pH, and temperature. Bromide has an important effect on speciation if present in significant concentration. Models that predict THM and HAA formation must therefore take all these factors into account. Two approaches can be envisioned: either all of the above factors can be incorporated into the model, or a predictor parameter which reacts in a similar way to the factors can be employed.
89. Similar findings were reported by Brittain and de la Mare . Few detailed quantitative studies of the chlorination kinetics of dihydroxybenzene compounds are available. Heasley et al. [18,19] determined through the identification of intermediates that successive electrophilic chlorination of resorcinol from monochloro-, to dichloro-, to 2,4,6-trichlororesorcinol occurs before ring-opening. They hypothesized that a pentachloro intermediate was involved in the ring-opening step, but they failed to isolate tetrachloro or pentachlororesorcinol among the reaction products.
1983, 17, 1797. Morrow, C. ; Minear, R. , 1987, 21, 41. Edzwald, J. ; Organic Carcinogens in Drinking Water, Ram, Ν. ; Calabrese, E. ; Christman, R. ; John Wiley and Sons: New York, NY, 1986; pp 199-236. Amy, G. ; Chadik, P. ; J. AWWA, 1987, 79(7), 89. Montgomery Watson; Final Report: Mathematical Modeling of the Formation of THMs and HAAs in Chlorinated Waters; American Water Works Association: Denver, CO, 1993. Edzwald, J. ; Becker, W. K; Wattier, K. ; J. AWWA, 1985, 77(4), 22. Huck, P. ; Price, M.