By Graham Oppy, N. N. Trakakis
The origins of the Western philosophical culture lie within the old Greco-Roman global. This quantity presents a different perception into the lifestyles and writings of a various staff of philosophers in antiquity and provides the most recent considering on their perspectives on God, the gods, spiritual trust and perform. starting with the 'pre-Socratics', the amount then explores the influential contributions made to the Western philosophy of faith by means of the 3 towering figures of Socrates, Plato and Aristotle. The chapters that persist with disguise the the major philosophers of the main faculties of the traditional international - Epicureanism, Stoicism, Neoplatonism and the early Christian Church. "Ancient Philosophy of faith" might be of curiosity to students and scholars of Philosophy, Classics and faith, whereas final obtainable to any attracted to the wealthy cultural background of old spiritual inspiration.
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Extra info for Ancient Philosophy of Religion: The History of Western Philosophy of Religion, Volume 1
It is perhaps not a coincidence that, despite some essential disparities, in both cases the Pythagorean oral tradition had to compete with extraordinarily prolific literary corpora: the Orphics’ famous ‘hubbub of books’, or Plato’s dialogues. So the archaic preference of Pythagoras and his disciples for orality seems to have been defeated by the growing literacy of the classical period. All these difficulties amount to the notoriously controversial ‘Pythagorean question’, which is no less complex than the ‘Homeric’ one.
But there is more. In fact, some elements, such as Pythagoras’ legendary or ritually enacted descent (katabasis) into Hades and his return to earth bringing commands “of the mother”, or the transformation 7. This is accepted by Seaford (2005: 605–6), who refers also to Schefer’s recent studies (see Schefer 1996), where it is argued that Plato was profoundly influenced by the Apollonian mysticism of the Pythagoreans. 31 constantinos macris of his house into a temple of Demeter (telestērion) after his death, can be interpreted as signs that he presented himself as a kind of hierophant in the chthonic mysteries of Demeter (assimilated to the Great Mother) (Burkert 1972: 155–9).
It is in these texts that we could have possibly detected traces of a Pythagorean, or more precisely Orphic–Pythagorean, theogony and theology, but these texts are now lost, and what remains are only their titles. e. Persephone’s robe), symbolizes the surface of the earth and its seasonal recovery by means of crops, flowers and other vegetation. A fourth title, Sacred Discourse (Hieros Logos), “should be a narrative about the gods, or at least a theological exposition of some kind, giving a basis for religious observances” (West 1983: 13).