By W. Schinkel
This e-book offers a unique method of the social clinical research of violence. It argues for an 'extended' definition of violence on the way to steer clear of subscribing to commonsensical or country propagated definitions of violence, and can pay particular consciousness to 'autotelic violence' (violence for the sake of itself), in addition to to terrorism.
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Additional resources for Aspects of Violence: A Critical Theory
The res publica, on the other hand, is but a faint conception of the state, literally meaning the 'public cause', and perhaps best translated as 'society'. Modern states, on the other hand, are defined with the help of the opposition state/society. The definition of violence and the autonomization of the state It is relevant here to briefly discuss the development of a semantics of the state that separates it from 'society' in direct opposition, reserving legitimate violence (potestas) for the state and illegitimate violence (vis, violentia) for society.
The new humanism is also found in thoughts on legal theory, for instance in More's Utopia, where a 'respect for equality' is propagated. These changes have had their effect on criminal law in general. The state increasingly became the autonomous sphere by means of which society organizes itself politically. As such, the criminal increasingly becomes a person not solely injuring another person, nor sinning against God and injuring the divine authority of the king, but he becomes a person injuring society as a whole.
Now, as Galtung (1968: 169) himself says, 'the meaning of "potential realizations" is highly problematic'. Especially when mental aspects of human life are concerned, Galtung says, consensus regarding potential realizations is difficult to obtain. Although by no means satisfactory, his solution to this problem is to take as a guide 'whether the value to be realized is fairly consensual or not'. He gives the example of literacy and Christianity, where literacy is held in high regard almost everywhere, yet the value of being ,Christian is much less widely agreed upon.