By Jonathan Gorry (auth.)
Offering a brand new interpretation of early chilly struggle background, this publication demonstrates how Christian corporation performed a pivotal position within the developing of house for the good judgment of nuclear deterrence and nuclear warfare, exhibiting a balanced exam of Christians as enablers yet, extra provocatively, as resisters of nuclear prohibitions.
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Extra info for Cold War Christians and the Spectre of Nuclear Deterrence, 1945–1959
In the fourth and fifth centuries, following three centuries of essential ambiguity, Christian political attitudes underwent transformation. Presumptions against War 23 Legend has it that in AD 312 the Roman Emperor Constantine’s successes on the battlefield were attributed to a vision received instructing him to mark his standard with the sign of the cross. Following the First Council of Nicaea in AD 325, and then the Edict of Thessalonica’s adoption of Christianity as the official Roman religion in AD 380, the distinction between sacred and secular spheres became increasingly blurred.
44). He would add: ‘Until 1928 it needed some courage to renounce war from a public platform, and with the exception of the Society of Friends no Christian church had expressed any strong sense of its devotion. That autumn saw a definite change’ (cited by Ceadel, 1980, p. 67). In October 1929 the ‘Christ and Peace Campaign’ was launched to ultimately question a state’s right to threaten or resort to violence in pursuit of foreign policy objectives. This Campaign held 25 meetings and conferences between October 1929 and April 1931.
1987, p. 305) This is important. Although Archbishop Temple’s biographer, John Kent (1992), criticises Hastings’ ‘exaggeration’ of the importance of the churches’ protests against ‘modern ideology and secular tyranny’, he might well have drawn attention to the fact that ‘the church over against the world’ was also a blueprint for social transformation. 21 Ironically, this situation had also driven many liberal-internationalist minded Christians away from thoughts of federation towards a more reactionary realpolitik.