By Michael W. Austin
Our mom and dad usually have an important influence at the content material of our ideals, the values we carry, and the pursuits we pursue and turning into a mum or dad may also have an identical influence on our lives. In "Conceptions of Parenthood", Michael Austin offers a rigorous and obtainable philosophical research of the varied and detailed conceptions of parenthood. concerns thought of are the character and justification of parental rights, the resources of parental tasks, the price of autonomy, and the ethical responsibilities and tensions current inside interpersonal relationships. Austin rejects the 'proprietarian', 'best pursuits of the child', and 'biological' conceptions of parenthood as failing to generate parental rights and responsibilities yet considers extra sympathetically the 'custodial relationship', 'consent', and 'causal' conceptions of parenthood and finally defends a 'stewardship' belief. eventually Austin explores the 'stewardship' view for functional and ethical questions with regards to relatives existence and social coverage in regards to the relations, similar to the schooling of kids, the spiritual upbringing of youngsters and country licensing of oldsters.
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Additional resources for Conceptions of Parenthood (Ashgate Studies in Applied Ethics)
To the extent that someone holds to the parity principle, Feldman’s argument will be troubling. Feldman’s justiﬁcation for rejecting this principle is that only women can be pregnant. ’ Unsuccessful Conceptions of Parenthood 25 important, but she also believes that by favoring gestational mothers we preserve their freedom and dignity. In view of the impact of pregnancy and birth on the life of the gestational mother, Feldman’s position has some plausibility. Even fathers who go to great lengths to assist their pregnant partners do not feel the same impact of pregnancy as women.
3 The woman becomes pregnant, and for whatever reason, she decides to carry the pregnancy to term and give birth to the child. Given her decision to carry the pregnancy to term, it seems that the woman has obligations to the child (which may be satisﬁed by giving it up for adoption if she has a good faith belief that the child will be adequately nurtured). But what of the rapist? Does he have any parental rights to or over the child? The intuitive and correct answer is no. His crime shows a deep lack of respect for other persons, and as such his parental rights are forfeited because he is a danger to his child.
9 The obligations are also prima facie, that is, other considerations or circumstances may obtain which override the obligations. For example, if a child is or becomes able to care for themself, then the moral agent, who in this context is the causal parent, may not have obligations to do so. Or the child may have a strong desire not to have a relationship with their causal parent, and this may override some of the parent’s obligations to that child. It is also the case that if the causal parent, in order to fulﬁll these moral obligations to the child, must sacriﬁce something of greater moral worth, then that parent’s parental obligations are overridden.