By Jonathan Owens
The Arabic grammatical culture is awesome for having geared up a large number of descriptive fabric inside of a worldly formal framework. the current research seeks to clarify the early improvement of the program from a theory-internal standpoint; it truly is in general taken with the advance of the syntactic thought as a proper item, as approach of principles. This recreation is produced from 4 sub-goals: an outline of early advancements, their periodization, their relation to the normal account by way of the Basran and Kufan colleges, and their relation to trendy linguistic idea.
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Additional resources for Early Arabic Grammatical Theory: Heterogeneity & Standardization
Zajjaj gives the syntactic analysis of al-hamdu (which Farra' does not do), insisting that only this form is countenanced by tradition (li'anna l-sunna tutba'u fiy l-Qur'aan). He notes the variants which Farra' has mentioned (not associating them with Farra') but adds that they are not to be used and indeed that their mention serves only to "warn people not to use them". g. I: 9, 33, 51, 53, 56, 59, 60), and in one instance (48) he speaks of what is allowed only in grammar (nahw). Here emerges an important difference between Farra' and Zajjaj.
A similar judgment applies to his short Al-Manquws wa l-Mamduwd in which he defines the nominal classes which end in either -aa or -aa\ giving the root sound, V or w from which the -aa is derived as well. It is a very systematic, if severely taxonomic, treatment which would appear to be tailored to a pedagogical use. ARABIC GRAMMAR: THE ERA OF HETEROGENEITY 27 Zajjaj is an important Basran figure, and indeed I will argue in chapter 10 that he was to a large degree responsible for the crystallization of the terms 'Basran' and 'Kufan' in the sense of representing grammatical schools.
Where maa governs an a-inf predicate (cf. §4, n. 6). Farra' then proceeds to give further examples from poetry. Here Farra' begins with one Quranic passage, but quickly generalizes to a universal condition, and to prove this uses an example contrived to illustrate the point at hand. In passing it can be noted that a similar principle is found inter alia in Sibawayh (I: 42) and Sarraj (I:127). 6 Q 9 ). Plurals like makaatibu "offices" count as diptotes, that is, never take the indefinite -n and do not distinguish the a- and i-inf when indefinite.