By Vittorio M. Lampugnani
The predecessor of this paintings, the Encyclopedia of contemporary structure, used to be first released in 1963. Now, after an period of 20 years, a brand new, increased and entirely revised model is offered. initially released in 1964 as Encyclopedia of recent structure. Translated and tailored from Knaurs Lexikon der modernen Architektur, edited by way of Gerd Hatje and Wolfgang Pehnt. thoroughly revised and enlarged variation.
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Additional resources for Encyclopedia of 20th-Century Architecture
Belgians were present at La Sarraz and subsequent followers, including *CIAM meetings, as well as at Weißenhof in 1927. The the housing exhibition in Stuttgart to caricature the Functionalist aesthetic less than the prize-winning design by *Skidmorc, Owings and Merrill, erected in Brussels tor the Banqne Lambert improvement in (i960), to inspire significant the declining standards of Belgian urban design, but rather encouraged the multiplication of bizarre formalist exen ises in the 1960s. The finest examples of Belgian architecture from the 1950s and [960s were to be found in the private residential sector and in rural or semi-rural contexts.
Meyer expounded the notion of 'the needs of the people instead of the needs of luxury' ('Volksbedarf statt Luxusbedarf'), engaged the city planner Ludwig *Hilberseimer for the department (in which Meyer's partner Hans Wittwer was also creased the output of the architecture professional active), in- workshops and pressed development of inexpensive furniture, textiles, carpets and lamps that could be afforded by the working classes. He unequivocally opposed both the open and the latent aestheticism of the Bauhaus: 'Everything in the world is a product of the formula: function times econfor the omy Building is a biological procedure.
Even today, this view of history continues to be the link between the diversified work of such architects as Johann Georg Gsteu, Wilhelm Holzbauer, Viktor Hufnagl, Gustav *Peichl, Hans Puchhammer, Anton Schweighofer, Günther Wawrik, Ottokar Uhl and others. While most of the members of this group were strongly influenced by Konrad *Wachsmann's Summer Seminars at Salzburg, in 1963 Hans *Hollein and Walter Pichler began to history, launched the Viennese functionalist critique. Far from Vienna, Pichler is building his 'Cult Places', a testimony to the fact that a 'universal meaning' is still possible in architecture.