By Naomi Zack
Ethics for catastrophe addresses the ethical elements of the aftermath of typical mess ups akin to hurricanes, earthquakes, and tornadoes. The e-book explores how those catastrophes light up the prevailing inequalities in society, combining a special philosophical method with new ethical pondering. Zack stresses the duty of either members and executive in getting ready for and responding to risky occasions, forcefully arguing for the renovation of ordinary ethical ideas even in occasions of problem and nationwide emergency.
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The outcome may be no change in the recommended resource-allocation hierarchies in present response plans. It is also possible that strong public objection by those unlikely to receive treatment and/or by their advocates could motivate and invigorate the part of preparation that would result in adequate supplies of vaccination and antiviral materials for an Avian Flu pandemic. Perhaps this view is overly optimistic about the degree of the public’s interest in its own welfare. Perhaps the public at this time is only capable of reacting when policies in effect in a pandemic or other disaster are directly experienced as unethical.
15 From this perspective, measures that would not be acceptable for individual care but which seem to insure the survival of “the community” appear to be more ethically acceptable. ) PREPARATION VERSUS RESPONSE PLANNING A response plan is not the same as a plan for preparation. ” Becoming ready for a pandemic has an element of engagement consisting of being able and willing to act, as well as an element of having what it takes for a successful outcome. In a war, a small group of soldiers might be able and willing to engage an enemy, believing in advance that most of them will die and that the enemy will not be defeated.
Consequentialists believe that an action is right if it has the best consequences, or if it maximizes. It is assumed that continued human life and well-being should be maximized and that death and harm should be minimized. Consequentialism reflects practical commonsense intuitions. ” This is why “The Greatest Good for the Greatest Number” is readily and plausibly adopted as a principle of triage and why SGN has a strong appeal in first thoughts about emergencies. ” Most of us would not, for example, approve of a doctor’s murdering one healthy patient to harvest organs to save the lives of six others who are terminally ill.