By Steven D. Levitt, Stephen J. Dubner
Nesse fascinante best-seller (número 1 em todas as listas nos EUA), o economista Steven Levitt e o jornalista Stephen J. Dubner estudam a rotina e os enigmas da vida actual ? da trapaça à criminalidade, dos esportes à criação dos filhos ? com conclusões que viram de cabeça para baixo o senso comum, geralmente usando dados aparentemente inofensivos e fazendo perguntas simples nunca feitas. Daí surge o novo campo de estudo apresentado neste livro: freakonomics. O que liga essas histórias é a crença de que o mundo moderno, aparentemente confuso, complicado e enganoso, não é impenetrável nem indecifrável. Na verdade, quando fazemos as perguntas certas, o mundo é ainda mais interessante do que supomos. É preciso, apenas, uma visão nova. Steven Levitt, por meio de um raciocínio incrivelmente inteligente e objetivo, mostra como é possível ver as coisas de maneira clara nessa barafunda. Os leitores vão tirar deste livro enigmas e histórias para entreter interlocutores em muitas e muitas festas, mas Freakonomics traz mais que isso: ele redefine a maneira como encaramos o mundo.
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Additional info for Freakonomics : o Lado Oculto e Inesperado de Tudo Que Nos Afeta
1 This entity is sometimes called a 'PROPOSITION', but - confusingly - it is not the only sort of item that claims this title. Some think that we can get away with simply saying that a proposition is whatever it is that serves as the content of a propositional attitude. The minimalism of this view has a lot to recommend it, but there are inevitably going to be questions about what kind of thing can serve that role. And the idea that a proposition is a sort of abstract confection with real objects sort of baked into it is one way of dealing with these questions.
For the relation between the believer and the believed is much more elusive than we have so far noticed. For there is a kind of slack between believers and what beliefs are about which can make one despair of ever coming to understand the directionality of the attitudes. The following two examples will illustrate what I mean. 1 London Monique, on her first visit to London, takes a lightning tour from the top of a double-decker bus. Among the things pointed out to her is the British Museum. As a result of what she is told, and what she can see for herself, she comes to believe that the British Museum has two lions guarding its entrance.
Perhaps the best I can do here is to suggest that a full-scale map of mental features in the style of figure 1 - one in which everything is shown in great detail - would count. not as a mental map in general. but as of some one person in particular. The SELF thus would belong to the legend of each map - the bit that tells one whose specific territory the map depicts. (6) Finally. as has been noted. we are not always the best judge of our attitudes. nor of our actions and decisions; our states of mind can be hidden from us.