By C. Striblen
Drawing on paintings in social psychology, narrative ethics, and feminist philosophy, the writer provides a brand new account which solutions the traditional objections whereas additionally giving useful suggestions to people who take their group-related obligations heavily.
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Extra info for Group Responsibility: A Narrative Account
As Feinberg might say, all mob members hold contributory fault. But when we consider identity groups, which arguably may also possess solidarity, we are concerned with the responsibility of members who did not directly participate in harm doing. 15 Thus far, Cooper, French, Feinberg, and May have established varieties of strong collective responsibility, but they have not explained the responsibilities of group members. 16 The concept of authorization that Feinberg described may prove useful for this purpose, and I return to it in Chapter 5.
I refer to this as the broad view of sharing responsibility. ) It is absolutely crucial that promoters of broadly shared responsibility meet the equalizing objection. It would be obviously unfair if removed members and active perpetrators had equal shares of responsibility attributed to them. Unfortunately, pursuing shared responsibility rather than collective responsibility does not allow me to steer clear of the metaphysical and the superstition objections. In order for identity group members to share responsibility in the broad sense for a particular harm, there must be something morally significant about their membership.
Nations, political parties, and corporations) are not beyond human influence. Democratic voting and shareholder voting show that we believe that human groups are not unchangeable. Therefore, it is possible that with the right maneuvering Lewis’s worries can be allayed. Nicholas Rescher (1998) also worries about group responsibility. His position is a kind of twist on the superstition objection. Instead of saying that groups have agency while members do not, he says that neither groups nor individuals have adequate agency in certain circumstances.