By Miriam A. Golden
Heroic Defeats is a comparative research of ways unions and corporations have interaction whilst monetary situations require big activity loss. utilizing easy online game conception to generate testable propositions approximately while those events will lead to commercial clash, Professor Golden illustrates the idea in more than a few events among 1950 and 1985 in Japan, Italy, and Britain. also, the writer indicates how the speculation explains why moves over task loss virtually by no means take place in postwar unionized organisations within the usa.
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Additional resources for Heroic Defeats: The Politics of Job Loss
When this adjustment engenders industrial conflict is the main question this study seeks to answer. Various possible responses that may seem intuitively obvious turn out simply to be wrong. In the chapters that follow I show, for instance, that unions do not necessarily accommodate temporary layoffs but resist permanent downsizing. Similarly, the nature of the options workers would enjoy were they let go (including alternative employment prospects or the level of unemployment benefits available) does not systematically correspond to union responses to workforce reductions.
The historical development of organizations linking unions in different firms to each other — and eventually into national union confederations — was in part a consequence of precisely the inability of single unions to bear the costs of industrial action, and the need of all unions for labor movement solidarity. 3 Two implications of this analysis are worth highlighting. First, even with a strike-prone union, a strike in the course of workforce reductions GAMES ANALYZING JOB LOSS 33 never occurs.
Cross-national evidence for it, and thus for the realism of the assumption that firms prefer to target union activists in the absence of restrictions on doing so, is provided later in this chapter. In the absence of institutional protections preventing such a move, we thus assume that management would always prefer to take advantage of situations involving mass personnel reductions to try to disrupt and even to break trade unionism, unless there is too high a cost to doing so. The cost incorporated into the models that are developed in Chapter 2 is that of industrial action itself.