By Keith Stanovich
Educating scholars to develop into higher shoppers of mental research.
Keith Stanovich's established and hugely acclaimed publication offers a brief creation to the severe pondering talents that would support scholars to higher comprehend the subject material of psychology. the way to imagine immediately approximately Psychology, 10e is helping scholars realize pseudoscience and be capable of distinguish it from real mental study, supporting scholars to develop into extra discriminating shoppers of mental information.
Upon finishing this e-book, readers could be capable to:
Evaluate mental claims they come across within the common media.
Distinguish among pseudoscience and precise mental research.
Apply mental wisdom to higher comprehend occasions on the planet round them.
Read or Download How to Think Straight About Psychology (10th Edition) PDF
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Additional resources for How to Think Straight About Psychology (10th Edition)
5). Psychology is often in a no-win situation as a discipline. On one hand, some people object to calling psychology a science and deny that psychologists can establish empirical facts about behavior. On the other hand, there are those who object to the investigation of certain areas of human behavior because they fear that facts uncovered by psychology might threaten their beliefs. Skinnerian psychologists regularly deal with these contradictory criticisms. For instance, critics have argued that the laws of reinforcement formulated by behaviorists do not apply to human behavior.
Scientists must avoid this tendency, and Nobel Prize winner Peter Medawar (1979) urged them to avoid it by remembering that “the intensity of the conviction that a hypothesis is true has no bearing on whether it is true or not” (p. 39; italics in original). Here is a way of thinking about what Medawar is saying. On his show on October 17, 2005, comedian Stephen Colbert coined the term “truthiness” (Zimmer, 2010). Truthiness is the “quality of a thing feeling true without any evidence suggesting it actually was” (Manjoo, 2008, p.
220). But the falsifying attitude doesn’t always have to characterize each and every scientist for science to work. ) but instead it arises because fallible scientists are immersed in a process of checks and balances—in a process in which other scientists are always there to criticize and to root out the errors of their peers. Philosopher Daniel Dennett (2000) has made the same point by arguing that it is not necessary for every scientist to display the objectivity of Robert Crowder. Dennett stresses that “scientists take themselves to be just as weak and fallible as anybody else, but recognizing these very sources of error in themselves and in the groups to which they belong, they have devised elaborate systems to tie their own hands, forcibly preventing their frailties and prejudices from infecting their results” (p.