By Rafaela M. Dancygier
Modern debates supply the impact that the presence of immigrants unavoidably spells strife. but as Immigration and clash in Europe exhibits, the prevalence of clash related to immigrants and their descendants has various extensively throughout teams, towns, and international locations. The ebook offers a idea to account for this asymmetric trend, explaining why we realize clashes among immigrants and natives in a few destinations yet no longer in others and why a few towns event confrontations among immigrants and nation actors whereas others are spared from such conflicts. The e-book addresses how fiscal stipulations have interaction with electoral incentives to account for immigrant-native and immigrant-state clash throughout teams and towns inside of nice Britain in addition to throughout Germany and France. the writer highlights the significance of nationwide immigration regimes and native political economies in shaping immigrants' monetary place and political habit, demonstrating how monetary and electoral forces, instead of cultural variations, confirm styles of clash and calm.
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Additional info for Immigration and Conflict in Europe
On the economic efficiency of illegal immigration, see Hanson (2007). 26 Immigration and Conflict in Europe the United States, employers and migrants circumvented immigration restrictions and border controls throughout the 1990s and 2000s. S. economy, the lack of an official immigration policy has been associated with high costs for migrants and natives alike (Massey 2007). More generally, from the perspective of local economic scarcity, the unguided arrival of immigrant newcomers often means that localities do not have a chance to adapt their infrastructures to absorb a sizable population increase in a timely manner, and they are also less likely to receive logistical or financial assistance from higher levels of government.
I consider an immigrant group to be politically powerful if its vote is influential in deciding the outcomes of local elections. Access to voting rights is a necessary precondition for political power, but the competitiveness of elections and the extent to which parties rely on the immigrant vote to keep them in power also determine whether a given immigrant voting bloc will be pivotal. This definition of immigrant political power thus privileges formal political participation of immigrant-origin ethnic minorities who can vote in local elections over informal, pressure group activity by immigrants who are barred from casting ballots in these electoral contests.
Smaller-scale violent incidents often include low-level flare-ups between immigrant-origin youths and state actors, but they have also been shown to be targeted at social workers and other public officials. , not selecting on the basis of ethnicity) on private property, such as automobiles. , Benyon 1984; Garbaye 2005; Wieviorka 2005; Mucchielli and Le Goaziou 2006). As I discuss in Chapter 3, where I address some of the empirical hurdles involved in correctly identifying rioters’ actions, the measurement of largescale incidents of immigrant–state and immigrant–native conflict presents researchers with difficulties.