By Nikolai M. Rubtsov
This e-book summarizesthe major advances inthe mechanisms of combustion tactics. It makes a speciality of the research of kinetic mechanisms of fuel combustion tactics and experimental research into the interrelation of kinetics and gasoline dynamics in gasoline combustion. The publication is complimentary to the single formerly released, The Modes of Gaseous Combustion.
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Additional resources for Key Factors of Combustion: From Kinetics to Gas Dynamics
This branching reaction is also called a positive chain interaction. Non-thermal flame is fundamentally different from thermal flame: the nonlinear factor ensuring steady-state propagation of the latter is temperature rise . Non-thermal flame can be observed in many branching chain reactions such as carbon disulﬁde oxidation [6, 9], thermal decomposition of NCl3 , difluoromethane fluorination , and silanes oxidation . It is a very convenient object for kinetic studies because of its negligible self-heating.
We considered that the mode of the propagating wave is attained when the mean velocity value determined from the point movement did not change within the distance of 20 characteristic widths of a flame front. 2 Propagation of Non-thermal Flame in the Low-Pressure … 23 limits of non-thermal flame propagation. If it was necessary to carry out long calculations, the following procedure was performed. The propagating wave occupied up to 50 nodes on the grid. When the wave approached the left border of calculation area and it was completely within the left 100 nodes on the grid (on the right, there were only zero values), the Yi values from the left half of a grid were transferred to the right half and the calculations were continued.
The surface of both reactors was coated with magnesium oxide to ensure chain termination in the diffusive area at room temperature (at which the experiments were performed) . The lower thermal ignition and flame propagation pressure limits were determined as a mean between the pressure at which the mixture ignited (flame propagated to a cold end of the reactor with a constant velocity) and the closest lower pressure value at which there was no ignition. The upper flame propagation pressure limit was determined in a similar way.