By Tatjana Višak
Is it appropriate to kill an animal that has been granted a delightful existence? This publication conscientiously explores the ethical foundation of the suitable of animal-friendly animal husbandry and sheds new gentle on utilitarian ethical concept via stating the assumptions and implications of 2 various types of utilitarianism, with fantastic conclusions.
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Additional info for Killing Happy Animals: Explorations in Utilitarian Ethics
The two versions of utilitarianism that will be explored in this book differ in terms of how impersonal they are. The sole ultimate good or value, according to utilitarianism, is welfare. Utilitarianism’s theory of the right requires that the aggregate of welfare should be maximized. Two different methods of aggregation are the total view, which simply sums up the welfare of all concerned, and the average view, which sums up the welfare that is contained in an outcome and then takes the average by dividing it through the number of affected beings.
Attributing prudential value on the basis of narrative unity is compatible with the foreclosure view. I have already explained that the foreclosure view is compatible with any account of welfare. Fourth and finally, another reason for rejecting the cure can be that the person considers it unattractive that her values are changed in a kind of ‘unnatural way’, by a medical treatment, rather than, say, by education or maturing. Again, attributing disvalue in case of medical interventions in one’s life is compatible with the foreclosure view because the foreclosure view is compatible with any account of welfare.
I have suggested that the welfare benefits that are caused by killing animals in animal husbandry cannot outweigh the welfare loss that killing the animals implies. Killing the animal makes impossible the experience of welfare that the animal would otherwise have experienced. Therefore, killing the animal causes a welfare loss, as compared to the alternative option of letting the animal live. Furthermore, the animals are not killed in order to prevent greater negative consequences on overall welfare.