By J. Gordon Melton
Representing a long time of study, this remarkable three-volume reference sequence explores the wide sweep of North American religions--19 households encompassing a few 1,500 assorted non secular our bodies. every one quantity beneficial properties in-depth essays at the historic improvement of particular religions, descriptions of every group's club, cross-references and different very important info.
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Additional resources for Melton's Encyclopedia Of American Religions, 8th edition 2009
The Church of England, Anglicanism, was the inheritor of Elizabeth’s via media. However, there were Protestants who were not content with anything less than a fully Protestant church. The union of Scotland and England strengthened their cause in 1607 with the ascension of James I (r. 1603–1625) to the throne. Scotland had gone through a reformation and established Presbyterianism. Puritanism is the name given to the movements whose goal was to purge the Church of England of its remaining unwanted Romanish elements.
THE SECOND GREAT AWAKENING. Symbolic of the changes that were to occur in the new nation was a conference of Methodist ministers in Lexington, Kentucky, on April 15–16, 1790. Though still establishing itself along the eastern seaboard, Methodism was already reaching out to the new settlers on the other side of the mountains. Under Bishop Asbury’s direction, 12 preachers departed the conference to ride their circuits throughout Kentucky and into Tennessee. Six years later, the church had recruited enough members and preachers to justify formally designating the area as a new conference, and in so doing, the general conference further enlarged the new conference to include all of the yetunchurched territory to the west and north.
Some accepted the settlers, even to the point of taking sides in the periodic wars, while at the same time resisting the missionaries’ pressure to change their thoughts and ways. They signed treaties and gave concessions. But the trends were against them, and gradually they were forced into designated parcels of land and targeted for conversion by the various churches. As the dust of the American Revolution settled, there was still hope that the Indians’ life and religions could survive to some extent, but the new nation on the East Coast of the continent had caught a vision of the West and eagerly rushed to claim it as its own.