By Joshua C. Birk
This ebook is an investigative examine of Christian and Islamic family members within the country of Sicily in the course of the 11th and 12th centuries. It has 3 pursuits. First, it establishes how and why the Norman rulers of Sicily, all of whom have been Christians, included Muslim squaddies, farmers, students, and bureaucrats into the formation in their personal royal identities and got here to rely on their Muslim matters to venture and implement their political strength. moment, it examines how the Islamic impact in the Sicilian courtroom drew little scrutiny, or even much less feedback, from intellectuals within the wider international of Latin Christendom throughout the period of time. eventually, it contextualizes and explains the eventual emergence of Christian renowned violence opposed to Muslims in Sicily within the latter 1/2 the 12th century and the evolution of a much broader discourse of anti-Islamic sentiment all through Western Europe.
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Extra resources for Norman Kings of Sicily and the Rise of the Anti-Islamic Critique: Baptized Sultans
Instead of following a single dominant tradition, the Sicilian monarchy became a hybrid that drew together various, and often opposing, traditions of rulership. The Sicilian monarchs used Byzantine, Latin and Arabic titles on official documents, coins and other forms of public writings. Their royal buildings integrated artistic and architectural techniques from all three of these cultures, as well as from the island’s classical past. Roger II sponsored numerous Arabic authors and poets within his court.
BIRK 53. 225–44. 54. 19. 55. 25. 56. In the Crusader States, Muslims were forced out of Jerusalem and several other major cities, but even in these cases, there were never attempts to force Muslims out of the rural villages in the eastern Mediterranean hinterlands. 57. Boswell (1977). 58. 12–22, 81–85. 59. Mallette (2005), pp. 133–59. 60. Nef (2011), pp. 122–24; Snyder (2004), pp. 279–87; Tramontana (1993), Mirjam Gelfer-Jørgensen (1986), al-Samman (1982). 61. 191–210. 62. 243–5; Johns (1986), pp.
Bologna: Il mulino. Huntington, Samuel P. 1997. The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order. New York: Touchstone. Johns, Jeremy. 1986. I titoli arabi dei sovrani normanni di Sicilia. Bollettino di numismatica 6: 11–54. ———. 1993. The Norman Kings of Sicily and The Fatimid Caliphate. In ANS, vol. 15, 133–159. Woodbridge: Boydell Press. ———. 2002. Arabic Administration in Norman Sicily: The Royal Dı̄wān. New York: Cambridge University Press. ———. 2004. The Boys from Mezzoiuso: Muslim Jizya-Payers in Christian Sicily.