By Tom Güldemann
The e-book represents the result of a synchronic and diachronic cross-African survey of quotative indexes. those are linguistic expressions that sign within the ongoing discourse the presence of a quote (often known as ""direct pronounced speech""). For this objective, 39 African languages have been chosen to symbolize the genealogical and geographical variety of the continent. The learn is predicated totally on this language pattern, particularly at the research of quotative indexes and similar expressions from a textual content corpus of every pattern language, but in addition features a wide selection of information from the printed literature on different African in addition to non- African languages. it's the first typological research of direct pronounced discourse of this importance in a wide workforce of languages. The publication could hence function a kick off point of comparable reports in different geographical components or maybe with a world scope, in addition to stimulate extra certain investigations of specific languages. the result of the African survey problem a number of winning cross-linguistic generalizations concerning quotative indexes and stated discourse structures as an entire, of which are of specific curiosity. within the syntactic area, the place said discourse has generally been handled below so- known as sentential complementation, the examine helps the minority view that direct mentioned discourse and in addition a wide part of oblique mentioned discourse express not often any facts for the declare that the stated clause is a syntactic item supplement of a few matrix verb. With recognize to grammaticalization, the paintings concludes that speech verbs are, opposed to universal trust, no longer a common resource of quotatives, complementizers, and different comparable markers. way more widespread assets are markers of similarity and demeanour; ordinary verbs of equation, inchoativity, and motion; and pronominals pertaining to the quote or th
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Additional resources for Quotative Indexes in African Languages: A Synchronic and Diachronic Survey
Igbo 37. Birom 38. Tikar 39. Nguni Language expert El. A. Awagana F. Serzisko A. Jakobi M. Reh M. Reh B. Sands E. Elderkin W. Haacke A. Traill M. Vanhove R. Kießling E. Wolff M. Abdoulaye D. Creissels K. Williamson T. Childs C. Culy E. Arthur R. Carlson U. Kleinewillinghöfer C. Dawuda A. 3 Methodological preliminaries 23 (Table 1 continued) Lexicon source Heath 1998b Cyffer 1994 Heine 1999b Reinisch 1881-90 Armbruster 1965 Lyth 1971,2-3 Reh 1999 Kagaya 1993 Rust 1969 Dickens 1994 Traill 1994 Organisation 1969 Reinisch 1895 Ebert 1976 Wolff & Heusing ms.
1 outlines the data base and the profile of the language sample the data come from. 2. 3 deals briefly with empirical problems of the historically oriented analyses of QIs and of the elements constituting them. 1 Language sample, sources, and data corpus As the title states, this work is primarily a study of QIs in African languages. Data from languages of other linguistic regions are considered and compared to the African data. However, the conclusions are drawn from findings based on a limited and planned sample of languages with the aim of making representative statements for the geographical area Africa.
Jakobi M. Reh M. Reh B. Sands E. Elderkin W. Haacke A. Traill M. Vanhove R. Kießling E. Wolff M. Abdoulaye D. Creissels K. Williamson T. Childs C. Culy E. Arthur R. Carlson U. Kleinewillinghöfer C. Dawuda A. 3 Methodological preliminaries 23 (Table 1 continued) Lexicon source Heath 1998b Cyffer 1994 Heine 1999b Reinisch 1881-90 Armbruster 1965 Lyth 1971,2-3 Reh 1999 Kagaya 1993 Rust 1969 Dickens 1994 Traill 1994 Organisation 1969 Reinisch 1895 Ebert 1976 Wolff & Heusing ms. Bargery 1934; Abraham 1946 Creissels et al.