By Daniela del Boca, Cécile Wetzels
The connection among fertility and the participation expense of ladies within the team is an more and more very important region of analysis for economists, demographers and policy-makers. contemporary facts exhibit vital alterations within the dating among employment premiums of ladies and fertility throughout Europe. for instance, in southern Europe, low fertility premiums are mixed with low charges of lady participation. by contrast, Nordic nations are experiencing quite excessive fertility charges mixed with excessive lady labour marketplace participation. Social guidelines, Labour Markets and Motherhood analyses the results of regulations aimed to reconcile motherhood and labour industry participation. Making broad use of eu neighborhood family Panel information, it compares the results of rules in numerous ecu nations, analysing why they reach a few environments yet now not in others. it will likely be of curiosity to researchers, policy-makers and graduate scholars engaged on labour markets, inhabitants economics, demography and the method of utilized microeconomics.
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Additional resources for Social Policies, Labour Markets and Motherhood: A Comparative Analysis of European Countries
Driffill 1988. ‘Bargaining structure, corporatism and macroeconomic performance’, Economic Policy 6, 16–61. Castles, F. G. and D. Mitchell 1993. ‘Worlds of welfare and families of nations’, in F. G. ), Families of Nations: Patterns of Public Policy in Western Democracies, Aldershot: Dartmouth Publishing Company. Del Boca, D. 2000. ‘Participation and fertility behaviour of Italian women: the role of market rigidities’, CHILD Working Paper 10. Del Boca, D. and S. Pasqua 2002. ‘Labour market participation of mothers in Italy: facts, studies and public policies’, CHILD Working Paper 04.
Power, politics, and state autonomy in the development of social citizenship: social rights during sickness in eighteen OECD countries since 1930’, American Sociological Review 54 (3), 309–28. 2000. ‘Faces of inequality: gender, class, and patterns of inequalities in different types of welfare states’, Social Politics 7, 127–91. Korpi, W. and J. Palme 1998. The Paradox of Redistribution and Strategies of Equality: Welfare State Institutions, Inequality and Poverty in the Western Countries, February.
In the new model, wives appear to have achieved only a very constrained level of financial independence, as households still tend to consider any childcare costs as a deduction from women’s wages, rather than from household income. Men continue, as before, to be domestically dependent. In its concern to ‘make work pay’, the British government has identified childcare as a macroeconomic issue which, if made affordable, could move both two-parent and one-parent households into family employment. In this strategy, the reference unit for public policy is the coresident model of the household (whether one- or two-parent) with impermeable boundaries (which are in fact widening so as to include the non-resident grandparental generation5).