By Agnieszka Paczyńska
In line with mounting debt crises and macroeconomic instability within the Nineteen Eighties, many nations within the constructing international followed neoliberal guidelines selling the unfettered play of marketplace forces and deregulation of the economic climate and tried large-scale structural adjustment, together with the privatization of public-sector industries. How a lot effect did a variety of societal teams have in this transition to a marketplace economic system, and what explains the variances in interest-group impression throughout international locations? during this e-book, Agnieszka Paczynska explores those questions by means of learning the function of prepared exertions within the transition procedure in 4 international locations in numerous regions--the Czech Republic and Poland in jap Europe, Egypt within the center East, and Mexico in Latin the USA. In Egypt and Poland, she indicates, exertions had huge effect at the approach, while within the Czech Republic and Mexico it didn't. Her rationalization highlights the advanced dating among institutional buildings and the 'critical junctures' supplied via monetary crises, revealing that the facility of teams like prepared exertions to wield impression on reform efforts relies to a superb quantity on not just their present assets (such as monetary autonomy and felony prerogatives) but additionally the ancient legacies in their earlier ties to the kingdom.
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Additional info for State, Labor, and the Transition to a Market Economy: Egypt, Poland, Mexico, and the Czech Republic
3 (2002): 315–19. 31 The present study builds on the insights of these recent works on organized labor responses to economic restructuring, which point us in the direction of domestic-level institutions as key variables to understanding how and with what consequences for state-society relationships international economic pressures are translated into the local context. Pripstein Posusney’s analysis alerts us to the central fact that the existence of corporatist labor institutions should not be equated with organized labor’s inability to shape policies.
Hence, these strategies are likely to differ in democracies and 22 state, labor, and the transition to a market economy authoritarian systems, since strategies that prove most effective in pluralistic context may well be of little value in an authoritarian environment. In democracies, unions are more likely to concentrate their efforts on lobbying government officials and parliamentary deputies, making alliances with political parties that are sympathetic to labor demands and interested in unions’ electoral support, presenting alternative restructuring proposals, and appealing to the broader voting public through the media and protest actions.
Finally, the Conclusion revisits the main themes discussed in the previous chapters. Here I also briefly explore the continuing institutional changes of the following decade of reforms. Finally, I discuss the implications of this study for understanding patterns of state-society interaction as well as institutional change. unions, and 1 parties, economic reforms As we saw in the Introduction, the ways in which organized labor reacted to changes associated with structural adjustment and, more important, whether it succeeded in influencing the shape of privatization policies differed markedly in Poland, Egypt, Mexico, and the Czech Republic.