By Gordon E. Barnes, Robert P. Murray, David Patton, Peter M. Bentler, Robert E. Anderson
The construction of this e-book represents a fruits for me of a few 25 years of curiosity within the box of character and substance use and abuse. In making a choice on the sector of substance use and abuse for the point of interest of our learn, the entire investigators participating during this examine were sustained by way of the attention that the paintings we're doing has an incredible goal. Substance abuse maintains to have huge, immense affects on contributors and families,and prevention and remedy - methods constructed so far haven't continually been as profitable as we might desire to determine. New advances in our primary realizing of the causal mechanisms enthusiastic about the improvement of dependancy can be essential to improve our luck in constructing new varieties of prevention and therapy for alcohol and drug abuse.
The paintings during this ebook builds at the paintings of diverse earlier investigators who've been attracted to examine this subject. As you will see within the large reference record, there were enormous quantities of articles released in this subject. even though every one of those references has further a small piece to our realizing of the connection among character and alcohol abuse, nearly all of those reviews were performed on scientific samples and sometimes concerned no regulate teams or poorly matched regulate teams. numerous very important earlier longitudinal investigations were conducted,but those investigations have often now not incorporated common inhabitants samples or entire character try out batteries.
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Additional info for The Addiction-Prone Personality Series (Longitudinal Research in the Social and Behavioral Sciences: An Interdisciplinary Series)
2. 2. The Psychoticism Dimension and Alcoholic Personality Types Characteristic Type I alcoholic (dysthymic) Type II alcoholic (secondary psychopath) Trait measures Psychoticism Psychopathic deviate (Pd) Hostility Impulsivity Frustration tolerance Low Low Low Low High High High High High Low Behavioral measures Antisocial behaviors Criminal activity Low Low High High Low High Cognitive functioning Minimal brain dysfunction (Hk-Mbd) Personality and Alcohol Abuse 31 chopaths, are expected to score higher on measures such as the Eysenck P Scale, the MMPl Pd Scale, and the Kallin Antisocial Behavior Scale.
Sher et al. (1991) did find a significant difference on the MacAndrew Alcoholism Scale, and children with alcoholic fathers scored higher than those without alcoholic fathers. These results differ from the results of an earlier smaller study by Sher and McCrady where no significant differences in MAC Scale scores were observed between offspring of alcoholics versus nonalcoholics. The higher MacAndrew Scale scores in children of alcoholics was also reported by Svanum and McAdoo (1991) in their large study (n = 639) of alcoholics with and without family histories of alcoholism.
Cluster analytic research with the MMPI is problematic, however, because of the overlap in MMPI items used in the different scales. Age differences in the pattern of MMPI scores of male alcoholics also confirm the importance of the different types of personality profiles associated with alcoholism. Penk, Charles, Patterson, Roberts, Dolan, and Brown (1982) compared the personality characteristics of alcoholics classified into five different age groups: 30 or younger, 31–40, 41–50, 51–60, and 61+.