By Professor John M. Hobson
John Hobson claims that all through its historical past such a lot overseas concept has been embedded inside of quite a few varieties of Eurocentrism. instead of generating value-free and universalist theories of inter-state relatives, foreign idea as a substitute presents provincial analyses that commemorate and guard Western civilization because the topic of, and perfect normative referent in, international politics. Hobson additionally presents a sympathetic critique of Edward Said's conceptions of Eurocentrism and Orientalism, revealing how Eurocentrism takes assorted types, which are imperialist or anti-imperialist, and exhibiting how those have performed out in foreign thought considering the fact that 1760. The ebook hence speaks to students of diplomacy and in addition to all these drawn to knowing Eurocentrism within the disciplines of political science/political idea, political economy/international political financial system, geography, cultural and literary stories, sociology and, now not least, anthropology.
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Additional resources for The Eurocentric Conception of World Politics: Western International Theory, 1760-2010
In turn, the despotic backwardness of Turkey is in part a result of the fact that the country is not economically interdependent with Europe. For Europe’s interdependence has, unlike in the case of Turkey, enabled her to progress out of ‘primitive religious and racial hatreds’ as well as despotism. The Turk ‘has learned none of the social and moral lessons which interdependence and improved communications have taught the Western European, and it is because [of this] . . that the Balkanese are ﬁghting and that war is raging’ (1913: 402).
Signiﬁcantly, this trope ﬁnds its modern equivalent in the manifest paternalist Eurocentrism of liberal international theory including Rawls, Te´son, Fukuyama, Nussbaum and many others. Once again, then, when viewed through a non-Eurocentric lens the idea that IR theory has only recently turned to consider globalization constitutes a ﬁfth myth of the discipline since it has been there, in one form or another, from 1760 onwards. 6. 24 By this I am referring to the point that the key theories – liberalism, realism and Marxism – are 24 See Schmidt (1998a: ch.
Thus while Turkey’s lands had once been fertile, nevertheless ‘despotic violence has triumphed over nature’ such that this country ‘has by the oppressive exactions of successive pachas, become little better than a deserted waste’ (Cobden 1868a: 19). Or as he put it in his 1836 pamphlet, a once great country has been reduced to a ‘desolate place of tombs’ by a rapacious despotism given that it privileges war and militarism over peace and commerce (Cobden 1868a: 173–4). This point was echoed with equal force by Bright when, in an 1854 letter to Absalom Watkin, he asserted that We are building up our Eastern Policy on a false foundation – namely on the perpetual maintenance of the most immoral and ﬁlthy of all despotisms over one of the fairest portions of the earth which it has desolated, and over a population it has degraded but has not been able to destroy (Bright 1895: 14).