By Charles T Gorham
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Extra info for The medieval inquisition : a study in religious persecution
More troublous period followed, for with the diminution of the power of great nobles, such as the Counts of Toulouse and Foix, that of the Crown became consolidated, and men began to turn to it for relief from the their of Toulouse, insufferable tyranny of the Inquisition. Opposition to its secret and arbitrary influence arose, not from heretics from good Catholics, who perceived that was being ruined, and whose humanity was With its outraged by the constant use of torture. only, but also the land superior concentration of purpose, the Inquisition fully held its own until, in 1291, Philippe le Bel, the King of France, ordered his officials to disobey the commands of Lhe Inquisitors, except in the case of confessed heresy.
Count Raymond of Toulouse (the seventh of his name) risings 49 THE INQUISITION IN EUKOPE 50 was, like his predecessor, placed in a very difficult posibetween a persecuting Church and an angry people. His indifference to religion exposed him to the accusation tion of heresy, and, life being unbearable with the Church at constant enmity, he was compelled to persecute his own people, and his natural slackness in that unpleasant task kept him plentifully supplied with trouble. Bigotry was at that time less tinctured with financial greed than it afterwards became; the persecutors were mostly good men, whose sincerity brings into stronger relief the appalling results of their actions.
This badge, which corresponded to the san benito commonly used in Spain, was so great a disgrace that efforts were constantly made to avoid it but though, for special reasons, permission was sometimes given to dispense with it, usually it was insisted upon, and escape from the vigilant eye of the Inquisition was impossible. Penance became far more severe in the third grade, which was imprisonment for life. A comprehensive of this character was incurred penalty by every one who ; come forward within the time specified by the Edict of Grace, confess his own sins, and denounce those The Inquisition of Toulouse, between 1246 of others.