By Bernard Green
Leo the nice used to be the beneficiary of the consolidation of the ability of the papacy in Rome and the Christianization of the town over the process the previous century. during this conscientiously nuanced learn, Bernard eco-friendly demonstrates the impacts at paintings in this celebrated pope's improvement as a theological philosopher, together with of the main popular theological names of the interval, Ambrose of Milan and Augustine of Hippo. eco-friendly charts Leo's theological trip from his first encounters with the Pelagian and Nestorian controversies, the place he engaged Cassian as an consultant. Leo took an admiring notwithstanding constrained view of Cyril of Alexandria yet misunderstood the weaknesses in Nestorius' idea. As pope, Leo preached a civic Christianity, available to all voters, baptising the virtues of the classical and civic previous. The learn then examines Leo's lately dated sermons and divulges the evolution of his suggestion as he labored out a soteriology that gave complete worth to either the divinity and humanity of Christ, specifically in response to Manichaeism. within the drawback that ended in Chalcedon, Leo's past false impression of Nestorius affected the content material of his Tome, which was once extraordinary of the Christology and soteriology he had constructed in his past preaching. eco-friendly persuasively concludes that its emphasis at the contrast of the 2 natures used to be an uncharacteristic try and reply to either Eutyches and Nestorius, as this pope understood them. within the gentle of Chalcedon, Leo produced a revised assertion of Christology, the Letter to the Palestinian clergymen, that is either extra comprehensive and higher aligned along with his attribute notion.
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Extra resources for The Soteriology of Leo the Great
In his retraction, he conceded that this does lead to two Christs and in a sense the conversion of the Trinity into a quaternity. ’ Leporius’ talk of the perfectus homo also gave Cassian the evidence he needed to claim that a systematic insistence on the distinction of the divine and human in Christ, for the sake of safeguarding the divinity, led inevitably to a belief in independent human perfectibility 40 and that that in turn led inevitably to a version of adoptionism in which the perfect man was associated with the Divine Word as a reward for his foreseen merits.
He described it as emerging in recent times in the greatest city of the Belgae, a new form of old heresies for which he cannot ﬁnd a name (because, of course, Leporius had recanted, which makes him an excellent example for Nestorius 33 ). Putting forward this blasphemy that Our Lord Jesus Christ was born a mere man [solitarius homo], it aﬃrms that the fact he came later to divine honour and the divine power resulted from his human merit and not from the divine nature which he would possess. Thus he has not always had the divinity itself by virtue of the divinity united to him but he merited it afterwards as a reward for his labours and his passion.
377–80). 31 F. de Beer, ‘Une Tessère d’orthodoxie. Le “Libellus emendationis” de Leporius (vv 418–21),’ Revue des Études Augustiniennes, 10 (1964), 145–85, esp. 151–8. 32 Lib 2: Tametsi Christum Filium Dei, tunc etiam, natum de sancta Maria non negaremus, sicut et ipsi recordamini, sed minime attendentes ad mysterium ﬁdei non ipsum Deum hominem natum sed perfectum cum Deo natum hominem dicebamus, pertimescentes scilicet ne divinitati conditionem assignaremus humanam. O stulta sapientia! CC 64, 113.