By J. Imai
This booklet systematically evaluates the affects of deregulatory reforms on employment family members in Japan in particular concentrating on the middle white collar workers. Concentrating on adjustments in 3 features of employment family; contracts, worker mobility and employee attempt, it examines the method of social negotiation and its effects.
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Additional info for The Transformation of Japanese Employment Relations: Reform without Labor
Mobility The establishment of the corporate-centered society, under the circumstances of a restricted external labor market, had significant impacts on the labor force mobility of regular employees. First, the employment security that the labor movement achieved plays a significant role in setting up the pattern of (im)mobility for regular employees. Second, the life-stage adjusted wage system also plays a part. The wage system pegs income increases to anticipated household expenses, related to stages in a normal life course.
In his detailed case studies, he convincingly argues how personnel evaluation has been used to discriminate against labor activists (Endo 1999). Personnel evaluation determines the desired quality of labor performance and effort from concrete skills to normative values. Under the managerial prerogative, workers are encouraged to internalize these standards and this internalization completes the shop-floor control. Japanese style shop-floor control enables flexible allocation of workers and encourages a strong commitment toward work assignments.
The second part of the chapter looks at the historical development of Japanese employment relations; first, in terms of the aspects of employment relations: contract/effort and mobility by shedding light on the employment structure of the Japanese firm, and then the major characteristics of Japanese employment relations are conceptualized at the end of the section. In the third part, the structure of the regulation of Japanese employment relations will be summarized, and the recent trend in labor relations will be introduced to analyze specific issues of employment and labor markets from Chapter 3.