By Gul Ozyegin
"Untidy Gender" takes readers into the interconnected worlds of Turkish maids and the ladies who hire them, tracing the incorporation of rural migrant ladies into the interiors of the household spheres of the city middle-classes. Firmly grounded in information accumulated via a consultant survey of a hundred and sixty family staff, in-depth interviews, and player statement within the kinship-based groups of household staff, this booklet forges a brand new realizing of the complicated interplay among gender and sophistication subordination. Ozyegin lines the lives of 2 forms of staff; these from the squatter settlements who paintings in a few destinations, and people who stay with husbands hired as 'doorkeepers' or construction superintendents within the basements of middle-class house buildings.In a literal 'upstairs, downstairs' association, the latter girls occasionally tackle residence cleansing for consumers within the construction. on the heart of the ebook are a few ironies approximately patriarchy. at the floor, husbands have absolute regulate over even if their better halves paintings, yet a few ladies paintings in mystery, and people 'doorkeeper' husbands who permit their other halves to paintings usually offer baby care themselves. satirically, the very constraints at the spatial and social mobility of the ladies creates a hard work industry during which family staff' hard work is dear and never effortlessly coming near near, which, in flip, offers them a level of energy in negotiating their courting with their middle-class employers."Untidy Gender" bargains insights not just into the gender and sophistication dynamics of Turkish society, yet contributes to the refinement of crucial phrases of feminist scholarship and examine on paintings within the casual area, cross-class relatives among girls, gender and sophistication inequality, and women's reports of modernity and urbanization. the writer ends with a private account of her personal problems with the category tensions of the maid-employer courting. writer word: Gul Ozyegin is Assistant Professor of Sociology and Women's reviews on the university of William and Mary.
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Extra info for Untidy Gender: Domestic Service in Turkey (Women In The Political Economy)
Women are incorporated into informal labor and exchange processes in different and unequal ways (Arizpe 1975; Beneria and Roldan 1987; Mies 1982; Moser 1978; Portes, Castells, and Benton 1989; Redclift and 28 Chapter One Mingione 1985; Roldan 1985). Gender-based hierarchical relations resulting in the division of labor and the continuation of domestic patriarchy keep women confined to particular branches of the informal sector. Women are excluded from activities that require mobility, flexibility, and independence and provide higher earnings while they are concentrated in those activities that are compatible with their roles within the domestic sphere.
While this literature has made significant theoretical contributions to our understanding of the informal sector by rejecting its transitional and traditional character, it overemphasizes the functions of the informal sector with regard to national and international economies. This overemphasis leads to a tendency to assume an essential and unchanging functional connection between the informal and formal sectors. Emerging research in this field shows, however, that the linkages between these sectors are neither predetermined nor constant.
Moreover, a growing body of qualitative and quantitative evidence indicates that domestic service is far from extinct. On the contrary, it is increasing in both postindustrial and developing societies. 24 32 Chapter One Gregson and Lowe (1994) document this resurgence of waged domestic labor in the homes of middle-class dual-career couples in Britain beginning in the 1980s. ) The authors argue that the increased demand for two specific categories of waged domestic labor, cleaners and nannies, was generated by the growth of women’s participation in the managerial labor force.