By Rita J. Simon
Abortion is without doubt one of the such a lot compelling public coverage concerns dealing with executive and the general public within the usa this day. such a lot societies have enacted legislation and statutes concerning abortion, and so much societies have robust emotions relating to contraception and abortion. however the criminal statutes and attitudes stick to markedly varied ways. Simon examines how this factor is being confronted within the usa, Canada, a pattern of Western and japanese ecu nations, center jap, African, and Latin American societies, and, between Asian international locations, Japan, China, and India, in addition to Australia.
After a quick historic advent, Simon examines the criminal statutes touching on abortion within the chosen international locations after which studies public attitudes towards abortion according to responses to nationwide public opinion polls. She concludes through discussing the relationships among the legislation and statutes relating abortion and the international locations' guidelines vis-^D`a-vis inhabitants development and keep an eye on. Abortion is the 1st quantity in a chain that would study significant public coverage matters utilizing an explicitly comparative strategy. each one will function a guide for college students, researchers, and students, containing easy empirical information and accomplished references at the social factor or perform lower than examination.
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Extra resources for Abortion. Statutes, Policies, and Public Attitudes the World Over
Statutes in Selected Countries • 49 Summary The United States and Canada, unlike its neighbors to the south, permit abortion on demand. They are closer to the largely Protestant countries of Western Europe t h a n to the other nations in the Western Hemisphere. 1 was obtained from the United Nations Department of Economics and Social Information and Policy Analysis. It describes abortion policy as of 1994 for 189 nations. Of the 189 countries, all but sixteen permit abortions if the mother's life is at stake.
They include 11 African countries, 4 Asian, 1 European, 7 Central and South American, and 1 in the Pacific Isles. Twenty-four nations t h a t permit abortion to save the mother's life or to preserve her physical or mental health do not permit them if the mother was the victim of rape or incest. Six of those countries are in Africa, 5 in Asia, 3 in Europe, 7 in the Caribbean and Central and South America, and 4 in the Pacific Isles. The Sudan, Cameroon, Zimbabwe, Thailand, Poland, El Salvador, Mexico, Panama, Brazil, and Ecuador permit abor- 50 • Abortion • tions on the grounds of rape or incest, but not to preserve the mother's physical or mental health.
5 per 1000 women aged 15 to 44. 2. Russian health officials report t h a t a typical Russian woman will have three to five abortions in her lifetime (CNN, September 1996). The high increase is attributable to a shortage of high quality contraceptives and lack of knowledge about them. Summary Even after the breakup of the Soviet-dominated Eastern bloc, the countries of Eastern Europe are more homogeneous in their laws and policies vis-a-vis abortion statutes t h a n are the countries of Western Europe.