By De Lacy O'Leary
Well-documented learn of the mutual effect of Arabic and Western worlds through the center a long time lines the transmission of Greek philosophy and technological know-how to the Islamic cultures. a desirable portrait of medieval Muslim inspiration, it illustrates commonalities with Judaic and Christian teachings in addition to issues of divergence.
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Extra resources for Arabic Thought and Its Place in History
485) its last great pagan adherent who was even more definitely of ; a theologian. Neo-Platonism was the system just coming tq^Jkhe forejroni J^ie^th^kristians of Alexandria began to first prominent be in contact with philosophy^ The Alexandrian Christian who endeavoured to reconcile philosophy and Christian theology was Clement of Alexandria who, like Justin Martyr, was a Platonist of the older type. Clement's Stromateis is a very striking work which shows the general body of Christian doctrine adapted to the theories of Platonic philosophy.
Paul had already distinguished between the two elements, the animal soul and the immortal spirit, in accordance with the psychology which had been life developed in his time. of which the spirit or rational spuLwasJts_elf an emana- What, therefore, would be the relation between the Logos and its own emanation when they came together in the same person ! If the Alexandrian philosophy and the Christian religion were both true the problem was capable of reasonable solution if its only answer was a manifest absurdity then either the psychology or Christianity was in error, and then, as always, it was assumed that contemporary science was sure and religion had to be tested by its standard.
John Philoponus, or John the Grammarian, as he was called, was one of the later commentators on Aristotle and also one of the early lights of this medical school. The date of death is not known, but he was teaching at Alexandria at the time when Justinian closed the his The next great leader was Paul of Aegina who flourished at the time of the Muslim conquest, and whose works long served as popular manuals of medicine. D. 529. of this school of the medical school at Alexandria established a regular course of education for the training of medical practitioners, and for this purpose selected sixteen some of which were re-edited in an abridged form, and were made the subject of regular explanatory lectures.