By Nahikari Irastorza
Are immigrants extra enterprising than natives in Spain? How profitable are migrant marketers in comparison to those that commence companies of their state of start? With the expansion of migration world wide, questions akin to those are garnering the eye of economists, policymakers and students. Born marketers? asks how foreignness impacts an immigrant's skill to release and to develop a profitable enterprise. It additionally explores the industrial and social advantages that immigrants may well derive from self-employment and the original elements at play in so-called ethnic and immigrant entrepreneurship.
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Extra resources for Born Entrepreneurs?: Immigrant Self-Employment in Spain
The second part deals with the literature on determinants of business survival that I will relate to my research question 7. 1 The liability of foreignness on venture survival Few studies have analysed venture success of foreign entrepreneurs. Fertala (2004) reports that the immigrant status is negatively associated with venture survival. She analyses to what extent the initial investment in both human capital (as measured by age) and social capital (understood as networking ability) of entrepreneurs contribute to the performance of immigrant versus native entrepreneurs in Upper Bavaria.
2006). Favourable sociodemographic factors, such as high population density and immigration, increase the demand for goods and services; in turn, these factors are expected to increase the probability of venture creation (Reynolds et al. 1995a; Rekers and Van Kempen 2000; Razin 1999; Belso Martínez 2004). The effect of the unemployment rate of the host economy on firm creation is not clear. While some studies suggest that a high unemployment rate is favourable to business start-ups (Clark and Drinkwater 1998; Wagner and Sternberg 2004), others show the opposite (Reynolds et al.
In sum, the purpose of this study is to analyse venture survival of foreign and native entrepreneurs. e. companies started by one entrepreneur. More precisely, I attempt to answer the following central questions related to the likelihood of survival of firms operating in the Basque Country: (5) Are ventures created by foreign entrepreneurs more or less likely to survive than those started by native entrepreneurs? (6) Are the determinants of business survival of native entrepreneurs similar to those attributed to foreign entrepreneurs?