By Jerald Greenberg
It is usually acknowledged that one of many key determinants of a book's wmth is the level to which it fulfills the reader's expectancies. As such, we welcome this oppor tunity to aid formulate the expectancies of our readers, to specific our view of what this publication is and what it isn't. We think that absolutely appreciating this quantity calls for figuring out its challenge and the way it differs from that of alternative books on examine method. we haven't ready a primer on learn strategies. we provide no "how to" courses for researchers-nothing on how you can behavior interviews, the way to layout reviews, or tips to research info. We even have now not ready a partisan platform documenting "our means" of considering learn. only a few, if any, makes an attempt at proselytizing can be present in those pages. What we have now performed, we think, is to compile a couple of habitual arguable matters approximately social mental research-issues that experience divided profes sionals, wondered scholars, and crammed the pages of our journals. Few students have ignored studies arguing the perimeters of assorted methodological contro versies, akin to these surrounding the benefits or shortcomings of box study compared to laboratory learn, using position enjoying as a substitute for stories concerning deception, or the worth of trained consent strategies, to call just a couple of examples. Our objective in getting ready this quantity has been to arrange and summarize the salient features of those and different impmtant arguable issues.
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Extra resources for Controversial Issues in Social Research Methods
For example, as we shall review in this chapter, issues have arisen concerning the most appropriate and feasible method for gaining informed consent, the need for informed consent in certain types of research, and the effects of informed consent procedures on research results, to name a few. Before examining the controversies that have arisen with respect to these and other related issues concerning informed consent, we will take a closer look at exactly what informed consent is. 22 Informed Consent What Is Informed Consent?
The consenting subjects were younger and hospitalized for a shorter period), but these subjects responded differently from another group of subjects who were withdrawn from medication for other reasons. Specifically, there were important differences found with respect to proneness to relapse and other clinical criteria (see also Edlund, Craig, & Richardson, 1985). Apparently, informed consent procedures may differentially influence acceptance of experimental procedures, which in turn may alter responses to criterion measures.
Glass & Singer, 1972), later studies failed to replicate these results. To eliminate the possible confounding effects of time, Gardner also conducted a cross-sectional study in \vhich informed consent information was manipulated, and Gardner found here, too, that informed consent procedures ameliorated the negative aftereffects of noise. An aspect of the informed consent procedure that appears to influence responding is the statement informing subjects that they can withdraw at any 36 Informed Consent time.