By Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency, Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (eds.)
At current and over the following few years, large-scale windfarms are being put in far flung the coast of Germany within the North and Baltic Sea, creating a significant contribution to electrical energy new release from renewable power assets. one of many German government’s goals is to make sure the environmentally sound and sustainable improvement of offshore wind strength. Germany’s first offshore try out website, alpha ventus,was consequently followed from the development section to the 1st years of operation via a radical environmental study programme, the StUKplus venture, financed by way of the Federal Ministry for the surroundings, Nature Conservation and Nuclear defense and coordinated by way of the Federal Maritime and Hydrographic company. Marine and ecological points were researched there for greater than 5 years to enhance the extent of data in regards to the ecological affects of offshore windfarms.
This publication offers a large, richly illustrated evaluate of utilized and new examine equipment and tracking innovations. It summarises the most important learn findings at the affects on benthic groups, fish, marine mammals and birds, additionally considering underwater sound and sediment measurements. examining the implications within the feel of classes discovered, new demanding situations and views are mentioned for destiny sustainable offshore improvement in German waters.
Offshore improvement in Germany * The alpha ventus offshore attempt web site * The RAVE study initiative * The StUKplus study undertaking * delicate species and habitats * study on oceanography, geology, benthic organisms, fish, resting birds, fowl migration, marine mammals, underwater sound * Noise mitigation structures * Cumulative effects
Research institutes, environmental consultancies engaged on offshore wind power, choice makers in politics, representatives of wind strength operators, NGOs of marine nature protection
Scientists of well known learn institutes, environmental consultancies and federal experts, edited through Anika Beiersdorf and Katrin Wollny-Goerke
Federal Maritime and Hydrographic supplier (BSH)
Federal Ministry for the surroundings, Nature Conservation and Nuclear protection (BMU)
Read or Download Ecological Research at the Offshore Windfarm alpha ventus: Challenges, Results and Perspectives PDF
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Additional info for Ecological Research at the Offshore Windfarm alpha ventus: Challenges, Results and Perspectives
The German parts of the North Sea and Baltic Sea, along with habitat types and hydromorphology. The initial assessment was limited due to inadequate data and a lack of assessment tools. Even so, sev- eral characteristic marine groups – phytoplankton, macrophytes, macrozoobenthos, fish, marine mammals, and sea birds – are found not to possess good environmental status (SRU 2012). These results are not surprising: The OSPAR Quality Status report from 2010 for the North-East Atlantic including the North sea already stated that besides successes such as decreased pollution from oil and gas production, nutrient inputs have continued to increase, fishing and additional human pressures have large impacts on the marine environment and the decline in biodiversity is a long way from being halted.
2 gives a brief overview of the RAVE research projects and the coordinating institutions for the joint projects (not all project leaders are mentioned). Environmental research accounts for the second largest number of projects, thus highlighting the significance of this research area. 5 Achievements Summarising the initiative’s achievements, it can be said that RAVE has been extremely successful. alpha ventus delivered outstanding production and availability figures in its first years of operation: 267 GWh of electricity was fed into the grid, both in 2011 and 2012, corresponding to 4,463 full load hours.
64 p. Riecken U, Finck P, Raths U, Schröder E, Ssymank A (2006). Rote Liste der gefährdeten Biotoptypen Deutschlands. Zweite fortgeschriebene Fassung 2006. Natursch. Biol. Vielf. 34. 318 p. Roberts C (2007). The Unnatural History of the Sea. C.. 465 p. SRU (2012). Umweltgutachten 2012. Verantwortung in einer begrenzten Welt. Rat von Sachverständigen für Umweltfragen. 422 p. ) (2008). Marine mammals and seabirds in front of offshore wind energy. MINOS – marine warm blooded animals in North and Baltic Seas.