By Institute of Medicine, Board on the Health of Select Populations, Committee on Social Security HIV Disability Criteria
The Social safeguard management (SSA) makes use of a screening device referred to as the directory of Impairments to spot claimants who're so critically impaired that they can't paintings in any respect and hence qualify for incapacity merits. during this record, the Institute of drugs (IOM) makes a number of options for making improvements to SSA's means for deciding upon incapacity merits extra effectively and fast utilizing the HIV an infection Listings.
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Extra info for HIV and Disability: Updating the Social Security Listings
2007. Upper and lower limb motor impairments in alcoholism, HIV infection, and their comorbidity. Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research 31(6):1038–1044. Grant, I. 2008. Neurocognitive disturbances in HIV. International Review of Psychiatry 20(1):15. , D. Clifford, D. , S. Woods, C. Ake, F. Vaida, R. Ellis, S. Letendre, T. Marcotte, J. Atkinson, M. Rivera-Mindt, O. Vigil, M. Taylor, A. Collier, C. Marra, B. Gelman, J. McArthur, S. Morgello, D. Simpson, J. McCutchan, I. Abramson, A. Gamst, C.
2009). Learning and retrieving new information is one of the most challenging issues facing HIVinfected individuals exhibiting neurocognitive limitation. Other problems include difficulty in maintaining attention, disturbances in executive function, and delayed word retrieval (Grant, 2008). Tools to Measure Functional Capacity An objective, clear, and specific test to assess how individuals with HIV/AIDS are affected by all three domains does not currently exist. However, measurement tools exist that separately assess activities of daily living in the physical domain, depression scores in the mental domain, and neurocognitive impairments.
A wide range of impairments exists in people infected with HIV, including major depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, HIV-associated mania, schizophrenia, apathy, and delirium. Structured psychiatric evaluations that lead to diagnoses and care regimens include the interchangeably used Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of the American Psychiatric Association (DSM-IV-TR) and the International Classification of Disorders (ICD-10). Standardized, validated, and widely used diagnostic protocols include self-report scales such as the Beck, Hamilton, or Zung Depression inventories.