By Anne Tinker
Women's disproportionate poverty, low social prestige, and reproductive position disclose them to excessive healthiness hazards, leading to useless discomfort and plenty of preventable illnesses. This document describes the illnesses of Pakistani girls, whose wellbeing and fitness and basic welfare are one of the lowest on the planet, and identifies steps to handle those difficulties.
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Extra info for Improving women's health in Pakistan
2 Secondary infertility was associated with stillbirth and unsafe abortion; it can also result from reproductive tract infections (particularly sexually transmitted infections) and unhygienic delivery or surgery. 4 percent, and secondary infertility was highest in urban Punjab, at 23 percent (Noorani 1995). Since a woman's status rests primarily on her success in bearing children, infertilityusually held to be the wife's problem, since the possibility that her husband may be infertile is not consideredis a major disaster for a Pakistani woman.
Primary infertility is the result of innate biological factors. Secondary infertility is the result of infection or medical intervention. Page 14 3 Reproductive Health Services Many countries have moved toward a reproductive health approach to family planning and women's health that is consistent with the recommendations of the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development, but Pakistan has not. 1 The two ministries that administer reproductive health services in Pakistanthe Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Population Welfarehave no reproductive health strategy or coordinated approach.
5 kilograms), among the highest rates in the world. These low birthweights are primarily the result of maternal malnutrition and anemia. The effects of iodine and vitamin A deficiencies on pregnancy outcome are also of considerable concern. Most prevalent in the mountainous regions of northern Pakistan, iodine deficiency in pregnant women causes more than 7 percent of full-term babies to be stillborn or to die within the first month of life, and it can cause cretinism in those who survive (UNICEF 1996; UNICEF and Government of Pakistan 1992; Pakistan, National Institute of Health 1988).