By Gerald Markowitz, David Rosner
During this incisive exam of lead poisoning up to now part century, Gerald Markowitz and David Rosner concentrate on probably the most contentious and sour battles within the historical past of public healthiness. Lead Wars information how the character of the epidemic has replaced and highlights the dilemmas public health and wellbeing corporations face this present day when it comes to prevention suggestions and persistent ailment associated with low degrees of poisonous publicity. The authors use the opinion via Maryland’s court docket of Appeals—which thought of no matter if researchers at Johns Hopkins University’s prestigious Kennedy Krieger Institute (KKI) engaged in unethical examine on 108 African-American children—as a springboard to invite basic questions on the perform and way forward for public healthiness. Lead Wars chronicles the stumbling blocks confronted by way of public medical examiners within the conservative, pro-business, anti-regulatory weather that took off within the Reagan years and that stymied efforts to put off lead from the environments and the our bodies of yank young ones.
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Additional resources for Lead Wars: The Politics of Science and the Fate of America's Children (California/Milbank Books on Health and the Public)
The intentional exposure of soldiers to radiation in the 1940s and 50s, the test involving the exposure of Navajo miners to radiation . . ’”1 More specifically, the court was appalled that many of the children selected for the study were recruited to live in homes where the researchers knew they would be exposed to lead and thus knowingly placed in harm’s way. ”2 The court was deeply troubled that a major university would conduct research that might permanently damage children, given what was already known about the effects of lead.
Initially, the press went through its traditional anonymous review procedure, and we are grateful to the external reviewers. We are particularly grateful for the second part of the review process, in which Milbank sent this manuscript to thirteen scholars, legislators, and lead experts; they provided written reviews, and most then spent a full day with us in New York City going over their comments in detail. All of us who participated in this session came out of it recognizing how special this process was.
However, two professors at Johns Hopkins’s Bloomberg School of Public Health, Ellen Silbergeld and Nancy Kass, were both helpful. J. Julian Chisolm and Mark Farfel, the two head researchers in the KKI study, could not be interviewed. Chisolm passed away long before we began this project, and Farfel, understandably, was reluctant to be interviewed. Our colleagues at Columbia University, John Jay College, and the Graduate Center of the City University of New York were always generous and supportive of our work.