By A. Kamradt-Scott
Drawing on insights from foreign association and securitization conception, the writer investigates the area healthiness association and the way its method of international health and wellbeing safeguard has replaced and tailored for the reason that its construction in 1948. He additionally examines the organization's clients for handling worldwide healthiness safeguard now and into the longer term.
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Extra resources for Managing Global Health Security: The World Health Organization and Disease Outbreak Control
Where does the organization derive its authority? What is the extent of these powers? To fully appreciate this, we need ﬁrst to examine the historical origins of the WHO. The WHO’s historical origins and ethos The creation of the WHO as a new intergovernmental organization dedicated to improving the world’s health reﬂected a particular worldview of the post-war period. This worldview held that IOs were an important mechanism for arranging international society to prevent further conﬂict. In this, the work of David Mitrany proved particularly inﬂuential in the closing months of the second, most destructive war humanity had ever known (Ashworth 2005, Fidler and Gostin 2008).
As discussed in the Introduction, it was originally intended that the WHO would act as the directing and coordinating authority in all international health matters (and particularly in eradicating infectious diseases), actively guiding the international community’s efforts (Mackenzie 1950). Even so, the methods that 21 22 Managing Global Health Security the organization’s secretariat has used at times to pursue this mandate have attracted some controversy. For example, in the midst of the SARSinspired global emergency in 2003, questions were raised over the extent of the IO’s role and authority (Rodier 2003).
This situation therefore begs the question: What is the envisaged authority and autonomy of the WHO? Or, said another way, in what capacity is the WHO expected to fulﬁl its disease eradication delegation contract while interacting with sovereign member states? In fact, in accordance with the very explicit vision enunciated by the WHO’s founders, delegates at the 1946 International Health Conference determined the organization was ‘to act as the directing and coordinating authority on international health work’ (Article 2, WHO Constitution – WHO 2005a, p.