By Craig McGarty, Vincent Y. Yzerbyt, Russell Spears
Stereotyping is likely one of the most crucial matters in social psychology, yet quite little is understood approximately how and why stereotypes shape. This e-book explores the method of stereotype formation; the way in which humans improve impressions and examine social teams. traditional techniques to stereotyping suppose that stereotypes are in response to misguided and distorted tactics, however the authors of this designated examine have a truly diverse view. They suggest that stereotypes shape to provide an explanation for facets of social teams and; specifically; to provide an explanation for relationships among teams.
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Additional resources for Stereotypes as Explanations: The Formation of Meaningful Beliefs about Social Groups
This is the idea that categories are comprised of discrete sub-categories and that comparison between members of categories rests on a perceived equivalence at some higher level of a hierarchy. This is the idea that underpins the self-categorization theory treatment of the self-concept. The particular problem is that few concepts in the world are readily understood in terms of hierarchies and even where there are available hierarchies (such as in the biological taxonomy of species) that the character of people’s inferences does not reﬂect these hierarchies (Sloman, 1998).
We hypothesized that, overall, observers would see questioners as being more competent than answerers. The random assignment of the participants to the roles of questioners and answerers suggests that any systematic difference in the evaluation of these two groups of participants is likely to be a bias. Moreover, we predicted that the effect would be more pronounced as a function of the homogeneity of these groups. Finally, we expected the effect to emerge not only for the group ratings but also for the individual ratings, thereby conﬁrming the prediction that each target person would indeed be perceived differently depending on the degree of homogeneity of his or her group.
In the terms originally envisaged by Tajfel and others this involved a distortion of reality. This idea of distortion has remained prominent in treatments of social categorization to this day (Claire & Fiske, 1998; Krueger & Clement, 1994; Judd & Park, 1993) but it has also been challenged by another approach which has treated the effects of categorization on judgement not as distortions but as selective crystallisations of reality from the current vantage point of the perceiver. , 1987; Turner, Oakes, Haslam & McGarty, 1994).