By Tianjian Shi
Tianjian Shi exhibits how cultural norms have an effect on political attitudes and behaviour via causal pathways, one on the person point and one on the group point. targeting key norms - definition of self-interest and orientation to authority - he exams the speculation with a number of surveys carried out in mainland China and Taiwan. Shi employs multi-level statistical research to teach how, in those very assorted political structures, comparable norms exert comparable different types of impression on political belief, knowing of democracy, kinds of political participation, and tolerance for protest. The technique is helping to give an explanation for the resilience of authoritarian politics in China and the dissatisfaction of many Taiwan citizens with democratic associations. Aiming to put the examine of political tradition on a brand new theoretical and methodological origin, Shi argues actually comparative social technology needs to know the way culturally embedded norms impact selection making.
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Additional resources for The Cultural Logic of Politics in Mainland China and Taiwan
Second, the approaches are divided over the proper level and unit of analysis to be used in cultural studies. Third, culturalists do not concur on the mechanisms through which culture influences the political behavior of individuals and political processes in a society. The following sections seek to address these areas of disagreement and to provide some resolutions. On Which Orientations Should Students of Culture Focus? For Weber, the distinctiveness of social action is that human beings “take a deliberate attitude towards the world to lend it significance” (Weber 1947, 72).
This confusion created several problems for political culture studies. First, the approach moved political culture theory away from its focus on the meaning of social action toward the idea of knowledge of information. Almond and Verba defined cognitive orientation as the knowledge political actors have (1) of their nation and its political system, (2) of the structures and roles of their government, and (3) of the downward flow of policies from government. This definition transforms the concept of cognitive orientation into cognitive ability.
In a second camp were scholars who doubted the long-term viability of the Chinese economic reform program. In its first stage, reform could create a win-win situation: economic gains for the majority would translate into support for the regime or at least for its reform program. However, support would depend on the regime’s continuing ability to provide economic gains. This would become increasingly difficult in a second stage, when the necessary reform of obsolete state-owned enterprises (SOEs) would jeopardize the interests of a large part of the population.